Sarajevo

capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo is the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It has an estimated population of 436,000 people in the urban area including some municipalities from City of East Sarajevo which is the part of Republika Srpska entity. The city has people living in it from many different cultures. It has mosques, synagogues, and churches. The 1984 Winter Olympics were held in Sarajevo.

Sarajevo
Сарајево
Tsars Mosque.jpgJesusesHearthCathedral.jpg
Sarajevo ortodox church.JPGSarajevo Vijecnica 2013.JPG
The Bridge, site of the beginning of world war I.jpgSebilj, Sarajevo.jpg
From top, left to right: Sarajevo panorama, Emperor's Mosque, Sarajevo Cathedral, Orthodox Cathedral, Sarajevo Library, Latin Bridge, and Sebilj.
Flag of Sarajevo
Official seal of Sarajevo
Nickname(s): 
Jerusalem of Europe,[1] Jerusalem of the Balkans,[2] Rajvosa[3]
Location in Europe and Bosnia and Herzegovina (dark blue)
Location in Europe and Bosnia and Herzegovina (dark blue)
Coordinates: 43°52′N 18°25′E / 43.867°N 18.417°E / 43.867; 18.417Coordinates: 43°52′N 18°25′E / 43.867°N 18.417°E / 43.867; 18.417
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
CantonSarajevo Canton
Municipalities4
Government
 • MayorAbdulah Skaka (SDA)
Area
 • Urban
141.5 km2 (54.3 sq mi)
Elevation
518 m (1,699 ft)
Population
 (Census 2013.)[5]
 • Urban
395,133
 • Metro
688,437
 • City proper
275,524
 • Demonym
Sarajevan
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
71000
Area code(s)+387 (33)
WebsiteCity of Sarajevo

During the Siege of Sarajevo, parts of the city were destroyed. Most of the city is now recovered and rebuilt. It was also the location of the death of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria in 1914 which triggered World War 1. The city was controlled by Austria-Hungary until 1918 and later by Yugoslavia from 1918 until 1992. The city was occupied by Germany when the Nazis invaded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941 until 1944 when Yugoslav Partisan Leader Tito and Joseph Stalin the Soviet Leader pushed the Nazis out of Yugoslavia in 1944 .

Other websitesEdit

SourcesEdit

  1. Stilinovic, Josip (3 January 2002). "In Europe's Jerusalem", Catholic World News. The city's principal mosques are the Gazi Husrev-Bey's Mosque, or Begova Džamija (1530), and the Mosque of Ali Pasha (1560–61). Retrieved on 5 August 2006.
  2. Benbassa, Esther; Attias, Jean-Christophe (2004). The Jews and their Future: A Conversation on Judaism and Jewish Identities. London: Zed Books. p. 27. ISBN 1-84277-391-7.
  3. "Visit Sarajevo: A Brief History of the City". Visit Sarajevo. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  4. Sarajevo Official Web Site. About Sarajevo.Sarajevo Top city guide. Retrieved on 4 March 2007.
  5. Census 2013th official data Archived 2018-11-23 at the Wayback Machine.