Saraiki language

Indo-Aryan language spoken in Pakistan
(Redirected from Saraiki)

Saraiki (sometimes spelled Siraiki and Seraiki) is a Punjabi variety or group of dialects, spoken in southern regions of the Pakistani province of Punjab.[1][2] It belongs to the Lahnda (Western Punjabi) group. Saraiki is native to southern Punjab, while it is also spoken in parts of northern Sindh, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan; as well as by partition migrants and their descendants in India.

سرائیکی, ਸਰਾਇਕੀ
Native toPakistan
RegionSouthern Punjab, Northern Sindh, and Eastern Balochistan
Native speakers
31 million (2022)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3skr

It is sometimes claimed to be a language, although it lacks certain traits to be referred to as a distinct language, and is widely recognized as a variety of Punjabi.[3]

The major forms of dialects of the variety include Multani, Bahawalpuri (Riasti) and Derawali.



The word Saraiki is probably derived from the Sindhi word Siraiki for its own dialect,[4] which means dialect of Sero/Siro (Sauvīra) region in ancient Sindh.[5] today the name of Siraiki dialect of Sindhi is changed to Siroli/Sireli to not create confusion.[6]


  1. "Siraiki: Language or Dialect?".
  2. Shackle, Christopher (2010). "Lahnda". In Brown, Keith; Ogilvie, Sarah (eds.). Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Oxford: Elsevier. ISBN 9780080877754.
  3. "Siraiki: Language or Dialect?".
  4. "Linguistic Survey of India". Retrieved 2024-01-01.
  5. "Siraiki language | History, Dialects & Writing System | Britannica". Retrieved 2024-01-01.
  6. Simpson, Andrew, ed. (2007). Language and national identity in Asia. Oxford linguistics. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-19-922648-1.