Second Mexican Empire

Imperial Mexican state ruled by King Maximilian I for the duration of it's short existence

The Second Mexican Empire (Spanish: Segundo Imperio Mexicano), Officially the Mexican Empire (Imperio Mexicano), was a Constitutional Monarchy and Client state of the Second French Empire[2][3] in Mexico, it was ruled by Maximilian of Habsburg who ruled as Maximilian I of Mexico and his wife Charlotte of Mexico, it was established during the Second French intervention in Mexico as a client state to compete with the powerful United States,[4] This is nothing related to the First Mexican Empire of Agustín I.

Mexican Empire
Imperio Mexicano
Motto: Equidad en la Justicia
"Equity in Justice"
Anthem: "Himno Nacional Mexicano"
(English: "National Anthem of Mexico")
Territory of the Second Mexican Empire upon establishment
Territory of the Second Mexican Empire upon establishment
StatusClient state of France
CapitalMexico City
Common languagesSpanish
Roman Catholicism (official religion)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• 1864–1867
Maximilian I
• 1863–1864
Juan Almonte, José Salas, Pelagio de Labastida
Prime Minister[1] 
• 1864–1866
José María Lacunza
• 1866–1867
Teodosio Lares
• 1867
Santiago Vidaurri
Historical eraNew Imperialism
8 December 1861
• Maximilian I accepts Mexican crown
10 April 1864
• Emperor Maximilian I executed
19 June 1867
ISO 3166 codeMX
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Second Federal Republic of Mexico
Restored Republic
Today part ofMexico


  1. Covarruvias José, Enciclopedia Política de México, TOMO IV, Edit. Belisario Domínguez. 2010
  2. Miquel de la Rosa (2022). French Liberalism and Imperialism in the Age of Napoleon III. Springer Nature. p. 3. ISBN 9783030958886.
  3. Roger D. Price (2002). Napoleon III and the Second Empire. Routledge. ISBN 9781134734689.
  4. Guedalla, Philip (1923). The Second Empire. Hodder and Stoughton. p. 322.