Similar to its use in English, it can mean peace between two persons or entities. It also means inner peace, being calm or the quietness of a person, well-being, welfare or safety of an individual or a group.
The root of the word "shalom" can be related to "shalem" which means "wholeness", or to le-shalem which means "to complete, to reward, to pay, to compensate". This means that it is more than the absence of conflict or struggle or the breaking of unfriendliness: It also means a return to the balance, to justice, and to the complete equality.
In general, one uses the word "shalom" as the short form of the sentence "Shalom Aleichem" (exactly "Peace is with you") that can be translated as "good day (morning, afternoon, high noon,...)" (a greeting).[source?] This is very similar to the Arabic phrase "Salam Alaykum" (سلام عليكم) which is again a greeting meaning "Peace be with you".
- Hershey, Doug (3 January 2020). "The True Meaning of Shalom // Defining Shalom". FIRM. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
- Allen, Leslie (19 September 2017). "Shalom As Wholeness: Some Biblical Implications". Fuller Studio. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
- "Origins of shalom". The Dayton Jewish Observer. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2021.