Small Smiles Dental Centers
Small Smiles Dental Centers (called Church Street Health Management and previously called FORBA) is a company that manages dental offices in the United States for poor people. Small Smiles has 70 centers in 22 states and Washington, DC. It has its headquarters in Nashville, Tennessee. The clinics are called many names, including Children's Dental Clinic, Indian Springs Dental Clinic, Oklahoma Smiles, Small Smiles Dentistry, Texas Smiles, and Wild Smiles.
In 2003 Michael DeRose, one of the DeRoses, bought a very expensive house in Pueblo for $3.4 million. When they owned the clinics, they put children in "papoose boards" to stop them from moving so they could quickly do dental work. The State of Colorado made a law to limit how much they could use the papoose boards. The offices also did lots of dental work on the children and put a lot of crowns on the children's teeth, so the Colorado government said that the clinics could only place a specified number crowns for each day. In 2006 the DeRose family sold the company to new owners.
In 2007 a news reporter named Roberta Baskin filmed the inside of a Small Smiles clinic. The film showed children screaming as the dentists did work on them, as the children were held in papoose boards. The main dentist said that, in one time, they often did six or more baby root canals on a child. He also said the clinic had goals to do a certain amount of dental work so the clinic could make money. The news report went on television and people began filing lawsuits against Small Smiles. A woman from Kentucky named Debbie Hagan started a blog that was against Small Smiles and what it did. Journalists and people from the New York State government talked to Hagan to learn about what was happening. On November 14, 2008, Small Smiles sued Hagan, saying that she published their documents without their permission. On April 16, 2009 the company stopped the lawsuit.
The US government filed a lawsuit against Small Smiles for cheating it of money that was to be spent on dental work for poor children. Small Smiles agreed to pay $24 million to the US government so the lawsuit would be ended. In February 2012 Small Smiles asked for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Protection.
- "Small Smiles History". Small Smiles Dental Centers. Archived from the original on August 27, 2011. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Contact Us Archived 2011-12-31 at the Wayback Machine." Church Street Health Management. Retrieved on January 3, 2012. "Church Street Health Management 618 Church Street Suite 520 Nashville, TN 37219"
- "bottom-logos.jpg Archived 2012-02-19 at the Wayback Machine." Small Smiles. Retrieved on January 26, 2012.
- "Small Smiles History." () Small Smiles Dental Centers. Retrieved on October 2, 2012.
- Vogrin, Cary Leider. "Dynasty plants roots in 8 states." The Colorado Springs Gazette. May 9, 2004. Retrieved on October 1, 2012. Available at HighBeam Research here Archived 2014-06-29 at the Wayback Machine.
- Vogrin, Cary Leider. "Small Smiles involved in child restraint law change" Colorado Springs Gazette. Published October 28, 2004. Published online on January 20, 2010. Retrieved on October 1, 2012.
- Vogrin, Cary Leider. "Dentists move to clear reputations, Three file complaint to remove names from disciplinary database." The Colorado Springs Gazette. May 20, 2004. Retrieved on October 3, 2012. Available at Archived 2018-11-17 at the Wayback Machine HighBeam Research.
- Watson, Stuart. "Medicaid dentists pay taxpayers back $24 million Archived 2013-11-03 at the Wayback Machine." WCNC. January 20, 2010. Retrieved on October 1, 2012.
- Baskin, Roberta. "Revealing How Dentists Profit By Abusing Children." Nieman Reports. Harvard University. Retrieved on January 3, 2011.
- "Dental company exploited poor children for profit, government says Archived 2012-10-21 at the Wayback Machine." Colorado Springs Gazette. January 21, 2010. Retrieved on January 26, 2012.
- "FORBA Holdings, LLC v. Hagan". Boliven Legal Proceedings. Archived from the original on September 11, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
- Glenn Ruppel and Pierre Thomas (January 20, 2010). "'Small Smiles' Dental Chain Reaches Settlement for Medical Fraud". ABC News. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
- McCarty, Dawn. "Church Street Health Management Files for Bankruptcy With Plan for Sale." Bloomberg. February 21, 2012. Retrieved on February 21, 2012.
- Small Smiles Dental Centers website
- Church Street Health Management website Archived 2012-10-22 at the Wayback Machine
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
- "CORPORATE INTEGRITY AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES AND FORBA HOLDINGS, LLC." ( Archived 2012-03-24 at the Wayback Machine)
- March 13, 2012 amendment( Archived April 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine)
- May 15, 2012 amendment( Archived April 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine)
- WJLA-TV "ABC 7 TEAM Investigation: Small Smiles Dentistry."
- "I-Team: Small Smiles." Monday November 5, 2007.
- "I-Team: Investigation Changes Dental Care Procedures in Maryland."
- Letterfrom United States Senator Chuck Grassley ( Archived 2013-02-26 at the Wayback Machine)
- Colorado State Board of Dental Examiners
- "Before the State Board of Dental Examiners State of Colorado Case No. 2004-000131 Cease and Desist Order To: Edward DeRose, D.D.S.." ( Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine)
- "Before the State Board of Dental Examiners State of Colorado Case No. 2004-000132 Cease and Desist Order To: Michael DeRose, D.D.S.." ( Archived 2012-03-15 at the Wayback Machine)
- "Before the State Board of Dental Examiners State of Colorado Case Nos. 2005-001705, 2006-00302 Stipulation and Final Agency Order." ( Archived 2012-10-17 at the Wayback Machine)
- Dentist the Menace - Debbie Hagan's blog