Stephen Bantu Biko (18 December 1946 – 12 September 1977) was a South African activist. He is famous for for his activism against apartheid in South Africa during the 1960s and 1970s. He created the Black Consciousness Movement.
Stephen Bantu Biko
18 December 1946
|Died||12 September 1977 (aged 30)|
|Children||Nkosinathi Biko, Samora Biko, Lerato Biko, Motlatsi Biko and Hlumelo Biko|
Biko was born in Ginsberg Township (now called the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa). He started high school at Lovedale High School. However, he was kicked out of school because of his political ideas about South Africa. He finished high school at St. Francis College.
During the late 1960s, Biko was a medical student at the University of Natal. During this time, he helped create the South African Students' Organisation. The organization later changed into the Black Consciousness Movement, and elected Biko as its first president in 1968.
As a student, during the early 1970s, Biko fought against apartheid in many ways. Eventually, in 1972, he was kicked out of the University of Natal. In February 1973, the South African apartheid government banned Biko. This severely limited his freedom of speech.
- "Stephen Bantu Biko". South African history on-line. September 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
- Samuel A. Paul (1 January 2009). The Ubuntu God: Deconstructing a South African Narrative of Oppression. Wipf and Stock Publishers. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-63087-820-7.
- "Black Consciousness movement". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Steve Biko: Biography". Bio. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Steve Biko.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Steve Biko|
- Young Black Leader Dies in Detention in South Africa, Raising Fears of New Unrest By John F. Burns, special to the New York Times
- Thesis on the prospects of Bikoism in today's South Africa Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine
- The Steve Biko Foundation
- The relevance of Black Consciousness today
- Donald Woods talks in 1987 about his friendship with Steve Biko
- New Introduction to I Write What I Like by Lewis Gordon
- Black Consciousness: The dialectics of liberation