species of plant

Teak is the common name for the tropical hardwood tree Tectona grandis and its wood products.[1] Tectona grandis is native to south and southeast Asia and grows in many countries. It has been introduced to Africa and the Caribbean. Burma produces nearly one third of the world's total teak.

Starr 010304-0485 Tectona grandis.jpg
Teak foliage and seeds
Scientific classification
T. grandis
Binomial name
Tectona grandis
The tree's flowers in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Flower, fruit & leaves of Tectona grandis in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
U Bein Bridge Amarapura, Myanmar. The longest teak bridge in the world at 1.2 km (0.75 mi) in length.

The word teak comes from the Malayalam word theka or tekka.[2] This tree is mentioned in the seventh-century literature of the Tamil language known as the Tevaram.

Tectona grandis is a large deciduous tree that is dominant in mixed hardwood forests. It has small, fragrant white flowers and papery leaves that are often hairy on the lower surface.[3]


  1. "GRIN Taxonomy for Plants - Tectona". United States Department of Agriculture.
  2. Chambers, W. 1875. Chambers's Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. London. p. 513.
  3. https://guide2agriculture.com/sagwan-tree