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Andhra Pradesh (Telugu: ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్) is a state in the Republic of India. It has a population of 75,727,000 people according to the census of 2001. The eastern boundary is a 600 miles (970 km) coastline along the Bay of Bengal. Its latitude and longitude is 17.3660°N and 78.4760°E. The state has an area of 106,195 square miles (275,040 km2). It is bigger than Burkina Faso but smaller than Ecuador. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the South Indian zone. It was divided into Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in 2014, because of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2014. According to this Act, both states will have the same capital city Hyderabad, for a period of 10 years.[5] The present Chief Minister of the state is N.Chandrababu Naidu of the Telugu Desam Party.

Andhra Pradesh
Nandi Lepakshi Temple Hindupur 5.jpgTirumala 090615.jpg
Vizag View from Kailasagiri.jpg
Papi Hills Tour Pic 10.jpgAraku valley view.jpg
Dhyana Buddha statue.jpg
From top, left to right: Nandi at Lepakshi, Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala, skyline view of Visakhapatnam city, Papi Hills, Araku Valley, Dhyana Buddha statue
Anthem: "Maa Telugu Thalliki"
Location of Andhra Pradesh in India
Location of Andhra Pradesh in India
Coordinates: 16°30′N 80°38′E / 16.50°N 80.64°E / 16.50; 80.64Coordinates: 16°30′N 80°38′E / 16.50°N 80.64°E / 16.50; 80.64
Country India
Statehood1 November 1956
Capital cityAmaravati (de facto)
Hyderabad (de jure)α
Largest cityVisakhapatnam
Districts13
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Andhra Pradesh
 • Chief MinisterY. S. Jaganmohan Reddy (YSR Congress Party)
 • GovernorE. S. L. Narasimhan
 • LegislatureBicameral (175 + 58 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituencyRajya Sabha 11
Lok Sabha 25
 • High CourtHigh Court of Andhra Pradesh
Area
 • Total160,205 km2 (61,855 sq mi)
Area rank7th
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total49,386,799
 • Rank10th
 • Density308/km2 (800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Telugu / Andhraite
GDP (2017–18)
 • TotalINR9.70 lakh crore (US$160 billion)
 • Per capitaINR142054 (US$2,400)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
UN/LOCODEAP
Vehicle registrationAP–39
Literacy rate67.41% (2011)
Official languagesTelugu
Coastline974 kilometres (605 mi)
HDI (2017)Increase 0.643[4]
medium · 20th
Websitewww.aponline.gov.in//
The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 states that Hyderabad is common capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh states for a period of time not exceeding 10 years.
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Andhra Pradesh has a gross domestic product (GDP) of 123,560 (in millions of US dollars). That makes it the third largest state in India in terms of GDP, after Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. Most of this money comes from agriculture. Andhra Pradesh is sometimes called the "Rice Bowl of India", as a very large amount of rice or paddy is grown in the coastal plains of the state. Recently the state is also involved in newer businesses like biotechnology and information technology.[6]

Provincial symbols of Andhra PradeshEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Demography" (PDF). Official portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  2. "Andhra Pradesh Budget Analysis 2018–19" (PDF). PRS Legislative Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  3. "Andhra Pradesh's economic growth story impressive but debt set to zoom". The Financial Express. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database". Global Data Lab. Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  5. "Andhra Pradesh bifurcation - a perspective". Ernst Young. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  6. "Tour to Andhra Pradesh - Rice Bowl of India". www.discoveredindia.com. Retrieved 2019-03-09.