Tecumseh (/ /, ti-KUM-sə, ti-KUM-see; March 1768 – October 5, 1813) was a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy (known as Tecumseh's Confederacy) which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of 1812. He is also the earliest known ruler of the Shawnee Tribe.
|Chief of Tecumseh's Confederacy|
1808 – October 5, 1813
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Chief of the Shawnee|
1789 – October 5, 1813
|Born||c. March 1768|
Likely in Old Chillicothe, Ohio Country, British Empire
|Died||October 5, 1813 (aged 45)|
Moravian of the Thames,
Upper Canada, British Empire
|Resting place||Unknown[note 1]|
|Years of service||1783–1813|
|Battles/wars||Northwest Indian War|
War of 1812 †
Tecumseh had a brother named Tenskwatawa. Tenskwatawa was known as the town drunkard in the town until he changed and became religious. When Tecumseh left for a business trip and left Tenskwatawa in charge, he didn't do a good job. He started a war with his leadership, and a while after Tecumseh returned, Tecumseh was killed. Tecumseh also has a son named Cheeseekau.
- William Fischer Jr. "Birthplace of Tecumseh". www.hmdb.org. Historical Marker Database.
- "Tecumseh Birthplace Marker". theclio.com. Clio. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
Tecumseh was born in what is now western Ohio ... Although there is some debate about the exact location of Tecumseh’s birthplace, he was likely born near present-day Xenia in Greene County, Ohio ... as this was one of the areas where his band of Shawnee camped at the time of his birth... Some historians claim that he was born in Chillicothe, while others assert that Tecumseh was actually born along the way to Chillicothe.
- King, Alan (2000). "Tecumseh: Xenia Township's Most Famous Native". www.shopxenia.com. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
Tecumseh was born in 1768 near a spring "three arrow flights" southeast of the principal town of the Chalahgawtha sept of the Shawnee. This was just one of five towns that would take the name of the sept, all called Chillicothe. We know it as Oldtown now, but the original settlers called it Old Chillicothe. The spring appears to be located very close to Tecumseh Elementary School on Old Springfield Pike, perhaps on the grounds of the Ohio Division of Wildlife District 5 Headquarters and fish hatchery.
- J. Laxar (2012). Tecumseh & Brock: The War of 1812. House of Anansi Press. pp. 301–302. ISBN 9780887842610.
- There are several competing claims regarding Tecumseh's final resting place. Bones found on Walpole Island do not contain a thigh bone, which is critical because Tecumseh broke his thigh while riding a horse when he was younger. Other competing claims for his resting place include the east end of London, Ontario, or alternatively, that he is buried near the site of his death.