Thomas Gage

British general

General Thomas Gage (10 March 1718/19 – 2 April 1787) was a British Army general officer and colonial official best known for his many years of service in North America, including his role as British commander-in-chief in the early days of the American Revolution.

Thomas Gage
Portrait by John Singleton Copley, c. 1768
Governor of Massachusetts Bay
In office
13 May 1774 – 11 October 1775
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded byThomas Hutchinson
Succeeded byVacant (American Revolution)
John Hancock (as Governor of Massachusetts)
Commander-in-Chief, North America
In office
September 1763 – June 1775
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded byJeffery Amherst
Succeeded byFrederick Haldimand
Military Governor of Quebec
In office
Preceded byFrançois-Pierre Rigaud de Vaudreuil
Succeeded byRalph Burton
Personal details
Born10 March 1718/19
Firle, Sussex, England
Died2 April 1787 (aged 67–68)
Portland Place, London, England
(m. 1758)
ProfessionMilitary officer, official
Military service
Allegiance Great Britain
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Years of service1741–1775
Commands80th Regiment of Light-Armed Foot
Military governor of Montreal
Commander-in-Chief, North America
Battles/warsWar of the Austrian Succession

Jacobite rising of 1745

French and Indian War

Pontiac's Rebellion
American Revolutionary War

Thomas Gage, on February 20, 1773, already communicated to the governor of Louisiana, Luis de Unzaga y Amézaga 'le Conciliateur', his intention to return to the United Kingdom with his family, a fact that occurred 4 months later, in June Therefore, Gage was not present when the Boston Tea Party took place in December of that year, a city in which both Gage and Unzaga left confidants to be informed by their respective spy networks.[1]


  1. Cazorla, Frank (2019) The Governor Louis de Unzaga (1717-1793) Precursor in the birth of the United States and in liberalism. Town Hall of Malaga, pages 48, 55, 59, 68, 75-82, 88, 96, 105 113, 134, 205

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General information