United National Movement (Georgia)

political party in Georgia

United National Movement (Georgian: ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა, Ertiani Natsionaluri Modzraoba, ENM) is a political party in Georgia founded by Mikheil Saakashvili which rose to power following the Rose Revolution. Was rulling party from 2004 to 2012.

United National Movement

ერთიანი ნაციონალური მოძრაობა
ChairmanNika Melia
Honorary ChairmanMikheil Saakashvili
Leader of Women's WingTinatin Bokuchava
Political SecretaryAkaki Minashvili
FounderMikheil Saakashvili
FoundedOctober 2001 (2001-10)
HeadquartersTbilisi
IdeologyCivic nationalism
Populism[1]
Liberal conservatism[2]
Atlanticism
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-right[3] to right-wing
National affiliationStrength is in Unity
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (observer)
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
Colours  Red and   White
Parliament of Georgia
36 / 150
Tbilisi Sakrebulo
5 / 50
Kutaisi Sakrebulo
4 / 25
Supreme Council of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara
4 / 21
Website
unm.ge

Electoral performanceEdit

Election Leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2003 Mikhail Saakashvili 345,197 18.1
32 / 150
new 3rd Opposition
2004 Nino Burjanadze 1,027,070 67.0
135 / 150
  103   1st Government
2008 Davit Bakradze 1,050,237 59.18
119 / 150
  16   1st Government
2012 Vano Merabishvili 873,233 40.34
65 / 150
  54   2nd Opposition
2016 Davit Bakradze 477,143 27.11
27 / 150
  38   2nd Opposition
2020 Vakhtang Kikabidze 523,127 27.18
36 / 150
  9   2nd Opposition

PresidentialEdit

Election year Candidate 1st round 2nd round
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
2004 Mikheil Saakashvili 1,692,728 96% (#1)
2008 Mikheil Saakashvili 1,060,042 53.73% (#1)
2013 David Bakradze 354,103 21,72% (#2)
2018 Grigol Vashadze 601,224 37.74% (#2) 780,680 40.48% (#2)

Further readingEdit

  • Ghia Nodia, Álvaro Pinto Scholtbach: The Political Landscape of Georgia: Political Parties: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects. Eburon, Delft 2006, ISBN 90-5972-113-6
  • Lincoln A. Mitchell: Uncertain Democracy: U.S. Foreign Policy and Georgia's Rose Revolution. University of Pennsylvania Press 2008, ISBN 0-8122-4127-4

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Lecarte, Jacques (January 2015). Georgia: political parties and the EU (PDF) (Report). European Parliamentary Research Service. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  2. Nordsieck, Wolfram (2008). "Georgia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. Nodia, Ghia; Pinto Scholtbach, Álvaro (2006), The Political Landscape of Georgia: Political Parties: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects, Eburon, p. 123

Other websitesEdit