Vandalia is a city in Fayette County, Illinois, United States. It is 69 miles (111 km) northeast of St. Louis, on the Kaskaskia River. It was the capital of Illinois from 1819 to 1839. (The state legislature moved the capital from Kaskaskia to a more central location in Vandalia.) It was also the west end of the National (Cumberland) Road, which is now U.S. Highway 40. Today it is the county seat of Fayette County and the home of the Vandalia State House State Historic Site (1836). The population was 7,042 at the 2010 census.
"Oldest Existing Illinois Capital City"
Location of Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
|Townships||Vandalia, Bear Grove, Sharon|
|• Total||8.16 sq mi (21.15 km2)|
|• Land||8.15 sq mi (21.11 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||865.63/sq mi (334.21/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Vandalia (city) Quick Facts from the U.S. Census Bureau". Retrieved November 26, 2011.