Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy
Victor Amadeus I (8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. He was also titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa. Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine
|Victor Amadeus I|
|Duke of Savoy|
|Predecessor||Charles Emmanuel I|
|Regent||Christine of France (until 1663)|
|Born||8 April 1587|
|Died||7 October 1637 (aged 50)|
|Spouse||Christine of France|
|Issue||Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice|
Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Margaret Yolande, Duchess of Parma
Henrietta Adelaide Marie, Electress of Bavaria
Princess Catherine Beatrice
|House||House of Savoy|
|Father||Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy|
|Mother||Catherine Micaela of Austria|
He was born in Turin to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Austria. He spent much of his childhood at the Spanish court in Madrid. When his brother Filippo Emanuele, Prince of Piedmont died, he became legitimate heir to the duchy and received the loyalty swore of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.
After a crisis with relationships with Spain, he was married to Henry IV of France's daughter Christine Marie in 1619.
Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain. With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was given back Pinerolo, although, according to a secret point of the agreement, that important stronghold was to remain with France in exchange for Geneve.
On 25 September of that year, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. Carried to Turin, he died here on 7 October.
Titles, styles, honours and armsEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 8 May 1587–21 January 1607 His Highness Victor Amadeus of Savoy
- 21 January 1607–26 July 1630His Highness the Prince of Piedmont
- 26 July 1630–7 October 1637 His Highness the Duke of Savoy