W. Averell Harriman

American businessman, politician and diplomat (1891-1986)

William Averell Harriman (November 15, 1891 – July 26, 1986), better known as Averell Harriman, was an American Democratic politician, businessman, and diplomat. He was the Secretary of Commerce under President Harry S. Truman, and later as the 48th Governor of New York. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1952 and 1956.[1]

W. Averell Harriman
Averell Harriman head and shoulders September 1965.jpg
Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
In office
April 4, 1963 – March 17, 1965
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byGeorge C. McGhee
Succeeded byEugene V. Rostow
Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
In office
December 4, 1961 – April 4, 1963
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy
Preceded byWalter P. McConaughy
Succeeded byRoger Hilsman
48th Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1955 – December 31, 1958
LieutenantGeorge DeLuca
Preceded byThomas E. Dewey
Succeeded byNelson Rockefeller
Director of the Mutual Security Agency
In office
October 31, 1951 – January 20, 1953
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byHarold Stassen
11th United States Secretary of Commerce
In office
October 7, 1946 – April 22, 1948
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byHenry A. Wallace
Succeeded byCharles Sawyer
United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
In office
April 30, 1946 – October 1, 1946
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byJohn Winant
Succeeded byLewis Douglas
United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union
In office
October 23, 1943 – January 24, 1946
PresidentFranklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Preceded byWilliam Standley
Succeeded byWalter Bedell Smith
Personal details
Born
William Averell Harriman

(1891-11-15)November 15, 1891
New York City, U.S.
DiedJuly 26, 1986(1986-07-26) (aged 94)
Yorktown Heights, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican (Before 1928)
Democratic (1928–1986)
Spouse(s)
Kitty Lanier Lawrance
(m. 1915; div. 1929)

Marie Norton Whitney
(m. 1930; died 1970)

Children2
ParentsE. H. Harriman (father)
Mary Williamson Averell (mother)
RelativesMary Harriman Rumsey (sister)
E. Roland Harriman (brother)
EducationYale University (BA)
Signature

Works by HarrimanEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Abramson, Rudy (1992). Spanning the Century: The Life of W. Averell Harriman, 1891-1986. William Morrow & Co. ISBN 978-0688043520.