William Hubbs Rehnquist (October 1, 1924 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin – September 3, 2005 in Arlington, Virginia) was an American lawyer, jurist, and a political figure. He was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States and later as the Chief Justice of the United States. Considered a conservative, Rehnquist favored a federalism under which the states meaningfully exercised governmental power. Under this view of federalism, the Supreme Court of the United States, for the first time since the 1930s, struck down an Act of Congress as exceeding federal power under the Commerce Clause.
|16th Chief Justice of the United States|
September 25, 1986 – September 3, 2005
|Nominated by||Ronald Reagan|
|Preceded by||Warren E. Burger|
|Succeeded by||John Roberts|
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States|
December 15, 1971 – September 26, 1986
|Nominated by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||John Harlan|
|Succeeded by||Antonin Scalia|
|United States Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel|
January 29, 1969 – December 1971
|Preceded by||Frank Wozencraft|
|Succeeded by||Ralph Erickson|
William Hubbs Rehnquist
October 1, 1924
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Died||September 3, 2005 (aged 80)|
Arlington, Virginia, U.S.
(m. 1953; died 1991)
|Education||Stanford University (BA, MA, LLB)|
Harvard University (MA)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1943–1946|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
- William H. Rehnquist (2004). The Centennial Crisis: The Disputed Election of 1876. Knopf Publishing Group. ISBN 0-375-41387-1.
- William H. Rehnquist (1998). All the Laws but One : Civil Liberties in Wartime. William Morrow & Co. ISBN 0-688-05142-1.
- William H. Rehnquist (1992). Grand Inquests: The Historic Impeachments of Justice Samuel Chase and President Andrew Johnson. Knopf Publishing Group. ISBN 0-679-44661-3.
- William H. Rehnquist (1987). The Supreme Court: How It Was, How It Is. William Morrow & Co. ISBN 0-688-05714-4.
- Members of the Supreme Court of the United States. Supreme Court of the United States. https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/members.aspx. Retrieved April 11, 2010. "The date a Member of the Court took his/her Judicial oath (the Judiciary Act provided "That the Justices of the Supreme Court, and the district judges, before they proceed to execute the duties of their respective offices, shall take the following oath . . . ") is here used as the date of the beginning of his/her service, for until that oath is taken he/she is not vested with the prerogatives of the office.".