Wolfram Mathematica

computational software program

Wolfram Mathematica (usually called Mathematica) is a modern technical computing system made by Wolfram Research.[12][13][14][15]

Wolfram Mathematica
Mathematica Logo.svg
Developer(s)Wolfram Research
Initial releaseJune 23, 1988; 32 years ago (1988-06-23)[1]
Written inWolfram Language,[2] C/C++, Java[3]
PlatformWindows (7, 8, 10), macOS, Linux, Raspbian, online service.[4] All platforms support 64-bit implementations.[5] (list)
Available inEnglish, Chinese, Japanese
Typenumerical analysis, statistics, user interface creation
LicenseProprietary
Websitewww.wolfram.com/mathematica/
Wolfram Language
ParadigmMulti-paradigm: term-rewriting, functional
Designed byStephen Wolfram
DeveloperWolfram Research
First appeared1988
Stable release12.1[6] / March 18, 2020; 5 months ago (2020-03-18)
OSCross-platform
LicenseProprietary (available at no-cost for some platforms)[7]
Filename extensions.nb, .m, .wl
Websitewww.wolfram.com/language/
Major implementations
Mathematica, Wolfram|One, Mathics, Expreduce, MockMMA
Influenced by
Influenced

FeaturesEdit

Today, Wolfram Mathematica is used for the following purposes:

This system is made with the Wolfram Language (programming language named after Stephen Wolfram).

Version historyEdit

Since 1988, Wolfram Research has released the following versions of Wolfram Mathematica:[33]

  • 1.0 – June 23, 1988[34][35][36][37]
  • 1.1 – October 31, 1988
  • 1.2 – August 1, 1989[37][38]
  • 2.0 – January 15, 1991[37][39]
  • 2.1 – June 15, 1992[37]
  • 2.2 – June 1, 1993[37][40]
  • 3.0 – September 3, 1996[41]
  • 4.0 – May 19, 1999[37][42]
  • 4.1 – November 2, 2000[37]
  • 4.2 – November 1, 2002[37]
  • 5.0 – June 12, 2003[37][43]
  • 5.1 – October 25, 2004[37][44]
  • 5.2 – June 20, 2005[37][45]
  • 6.0 – May 1, 2007[46][47]
  • 7.0 – November 18, 2008[48]
  • 8.0 – November 15, 2010[49]
  • 9.0 – November 28, 2012[50]
  • 10.0 – July 9, 2014[51]
  • 10.1 – March 30, 2015[52]
  • 10.2 – July 14, 2015[53]
  • 10.3 – October 15, 2015
  • 10.4 – March 2, 2016
  • 11.0.0 – August 8, 2016[54]
  • 11.0.1 – September 28, 2016
  • 11.1 – March 16, 2017[55]
  • 11.1.1 – April 25, 2017
  • 11.2 – September 14, 2017[56]
  • 11.3 – March 8, 2018[57]
  • 12.0 – April 16, 2019[58]
  • 12.1 - March 18, 2020[59]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Wolfram, Stephen (23 Jun 2008), Mathematica Turns 20 Today, Wolfram, retrieved 16 May 2012
  2. "Celebrating Mathematica's First Quarter Century". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  3. The Software Engineering of Mathematica—Wolfram Mathematica 9 Documentation. Reference.wolfram.com. Retrieved on 2015-03-23.
  4. Raspberry Pi Includes Mathematica for Free The Verge
  5. "Wolfram Mathematica". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  6. "In Less Than a Year, So Much New: Launching Version 12.1 of Wolfram Language & Mathematica".
  7. Stephen Wolfram Aims to Democratize His Software by Steve Lohr, The New York Times, December 14, 2015
  8. Maeder, Roman E. (1994). The Mathematica® Programmer. Academic Press, Inc. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-48321-415-3.
  9. "Wolfram Language Q&A". Wolfram Research. Retrieved 2016-12-05.
  10. Bezanson, Jeff; Karpinski, Stefan; Shah, Viral; Edelman, Alan (2012-02-14). "Why We Created Julia". Julia Language. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  11. Hickey, Rich. "Clojure Bookshelf". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2020-05-06.
  12. Cheung, C. K., Keough, G. E., Gross, R. H., & Landraitis, C. (2005). Getting started with Mathematica. Wiley.
  13. Mangano, S. (2010). Mathematica Cookbook: Building Blocks for Science, Engineering, Finance, Music, and More. " O'Reilly Media, Inc.".
  14. Gass, R. (1997). Mathematica for scientists and engineers: using Mathematica to do science. Prentice Hall PTR.
  15. Shaw, W. T., & Tigg, J. (1993). Applied Mathematica: getting started, getting it done. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc..
  16. Maeder, R. E. (2000). Computer Science with MATHEMATICA®: Theory and Practice for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering. Cambridge University Press.
  17. Weisstein E. (2014) Computable Data, Mathematics, and Digital Libraries in Mathematica and Wolfram|Alpha. In: Watt S.M., Davenport J.H., Sexton A.P., Sojka P., Urban J. (eds) Intelligent Computer Mathematics. CICM 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 8543. Springer, Cham
  18. Kerhart, M., & Drchal, J. Mathematica binding for Caffe Deep Learning Framework.
  19. Abbena, E., Salamon, S., & Gray, A. (2017). Modern differential geometry of curves and surfaces with Mathematica. CRC Press.
  20. Popova, E. D., & Ullrich, C. (1996). Directed interval arithmetic in Mathematica: implementation and applications (pp. 1-56). TR 96-3, U. Basel.
  21. Awange, J., Paláncz, B., & Völgyesi, L. (2020). Hybrid Imaging and Visualization (Employing Machine Learning with Mathematica - Python). Springer, Cham.
  22. Cotta, R. M., Leonardo, S. D. B., & Mikhailov, M. D. (2001). Applied Numerical Analysis with Mathematica. Editora E-papers.
  23. Davis, H. T., & Thomson, K. T. (2000). Linear Algebra and Linear Operators in Engineering: With Applications in Mathematica®. Elsevier.
  24. Baumann, G. (2013). Symmetry analysis of differential equations with Mathematica®. Springer Science & Business Media.
  25. Abell, M. L., & Braselton, J. P. (2016). Differential equations with Mathematica. Academic Press.
  26. Gray, A., Mezzino, M., & Pinsky, M. A. (1997). Introduction to ordinary differential equations with Mathematica: an integrated multimedia approach. Springer.
  27. Ross, C. C. (2013). Differential equations: an introduction with Mathematica®. Springer Science & Business Media.
  28. Kythe, P. K., Schäferkotter, M. R., & Puri, P. (2018). Partial differential equations and Mathematica. CRC Press.
  29. Ganzha, V. G. E., & Vorozhtsov, E. V. (1996). Numerical solutions for partial differential equations: problem solving using Mathematica (Vol. 7). CRC Press.
  30. Freeman, J. A. (1993). Simulating neural networks with Mathematica. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co., Inc..
  31. Suhartono, S. (2012). Integration of Artificial Neural Networks into Genetic L-System Programming Based Plant Modeling Environment with Mathematica.
  32. Bhatti, M. A. (2012). Practical Optimization Methods: With Mathematica® Applications. Springer Science & Business Media.
  33. "Mathematica Latest Version and Quick Revision History". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  34. Mathematica: The Scrapbook, Wolfram, archived from the original on 18 May 2012, retrieved 16 May 2012
  35. "The Mathematica Journal: Volume 9, Issue 1: News Bulletins". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  36. Supercomputer Pictures Solve the Once Insoluble, John Markoff, October 30, 1988.
  37. 37.00 37.01 37.02 37.03 37.04 37.05 37.06 37.07 37.08 37.09 37.10 Nasser M. Abbasi. "A little bit of Mathematica history".
  38. Mathematica 1.2 adds new graphics options: upgrade also promises concurrent operations by Elinor Craig, MacWeek, July 25, 1989.
  39. Mathematica + 283 functions = Mathematica 2.0 by Raines Cohen, MacWeek, January 15, 1991.
  40. New version of Mathematica, Mechanical Engineering, June 1, 1993.
  41. "Wolfram News Archive". Wolfram.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  42. Mathematica 4.0 by Charles Seiters, Macworld, October 1, 1999.
  43. Mathematica 5.0 Adds Up: Exactly 15 years after Mathematica's initial release, Wolfram Research has released Mathematica, PC Magazine, September 3, 2003.
  44. Mathematica 5.1's Web Services Add Up; Mathematica 5.1 delivers improvements over Version 5.0 that are vastly out of proportion for a .1 upgrade. by Peter Coffee, eWeek, December 6, 2004.
  45. Mathematica hits 64-bit, MacWorld UK, July 13, 2005.
  46. Today, Mathematica is reinvented – Blog by Stephen Wolfram
  47. Mathematica 6: Felix Grant finds that version 6 of Wolfram Research's symbolic mathematical software really does live up to its expectations. Scientific Computing, 2007.
  48. Mathematica 7.0 Released Today! – Blog by Stephen Wolfram
  49. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Mathematica 8!". Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  50. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Mathematica 9 Is Released Today!". Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  51. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Launching Mathematica 10–with 700+ New Functions and a Crazy Amount of R&D". Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  52. "Wolfram Research News » Mathematica 10.1 is Now Available!". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  53. "Mathematica Latest Version and Quick Revision History". Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  54. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Today We Launch Version 11!". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  55. "Stephen Wolfram blog: The R&D Pipeline Continues: Launching Version 11.1". Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  56. "Stephen Wolfram blog: It's Another Impressive Release! Launching Version 11.2 Today". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  57. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Roaring into 2018 with Another Big Release: Launching Version 11.3 of the Wolfram Language & Mathematica". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  58. "Stephen Wolfram blog: Version 12 Launches Today! (And It's a Big Jump for Wolfram Language and Mathematica)". Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  59. "Stephen Wolfram In Less Than a Year, So Much New: Launching Version 12.1 of Wolfram Language & Mathematica". Retrieved 18 March 2020.

Other websitesEdit