Zirid dynasty

Sanhaja Berber dynasty 972-1148

The Zirid dynasty were a Berber group. They were from what is now modern Algeria. The capital was Kairouan.

Zirid dynasty
Zirid territory (green) at its maximum extent around the year 980
Zirid territory (green) at its maximum extent around the year 980
StatusVassals of the Fatimid Caliphate (972–1048)
Independent (1048–1148)
CapitalAchir (before 1014), Kairouan (from 1014 to 1057),
Mahdia (after 1057)[1]
Common languagesBerber (primary), Maghrebi Arabic, African Latin, Hebrew
Islam (Shia Islam, Sunni, Ibadi), Christianity (Roman Catholicism), Judaism
GovernmentMonarchy (Emirate)
• 973–984
Buluggin ibn Ziri
• 1121–1148
Abu'l-Hasan al-Hasan ibn Ali
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Fatimid Caliphate
Hammadid dynasty
Kingdom of Africa
Khurasanid dynasty
Today part of

The Hammadids came from this group.

Zirid rulers

  • Abul-Futuh Sayf ad-Dawla Bologhine Ibn Ziri (973-983)
  • Abul-Fat'h al-Mansur ibn Buluggin (983-995)
  • Abu Qatada Nasir ad-Dawla Badis ibn Mansur (995-1016)
  • Sharaf ad-Dawla al-Muizz ibn Badis (1016–1062) declared independence from the Fatimids 1048, changed capital to Mahdia in 1057 after Kairouan was lost to the Banu Hilal.
  • Abu Tahir Tamim ibn al-Muizz (1062–1108); changed the khutba to refer to the Abbasid Caliph in 1087, marking a final break with the Fatimids.
  • Yahya ibn Tamim (1108–1131)
  • Ali ibn Yahya (1115–1121)
  • Abul-Hasan al-Hasan ibn Ali (1121–1152)


  1. Phillip C. Naylor (15 January 2015). North Africa, Revised Edition: A History from Antiquity to the Present. University of Texas Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-292-76190-2.