Berber people

ethnic group indigenous to North Africa

Berbers (also called Amazighs, "free men") are an ethnic group found natively in the countries of Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia in North Africa, and also found as immigrants in many countries, especially France. Berbers usually speak the Berber language. Berbers were both nomadic and land owners according to the region they live in. Most Berbers are Muslims or follow the native animist Berber religion.

Berbers, Amazighs | Imaziɣn
Berber warriors show.JPG
Total population
c. more than 30 million Berber speakers; 40 m. Arabic speakers
Regions with significant populations
Morocco: 17 million (60% of total pop.)

Algeria: 13 m (40% of total pop.).
Mali: 800,000
Niger: 750,000
Mauritania: 680,000
Libya: 470,000

Europe: 4 million
Berber languages
Maghrebi Arabic
Islam (mostly Sunni), Christianity, Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Ancient Egyptian people, Semitic people, Iberian people


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