|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1570 1571 1572 1573 1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths – Architecture|
Establishments – Disestablishments
- Transition from the Muromachi to the Azuchi-Momoyama period in Japan
- Fourth War of Religion in France, including the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.
- Vilcabamba, last independent part of the Inca Empire, is conquered by the Spanish.
- 8.3 Ms Earthquake destroys the town of Concepción
- Abbas I of Safavid dynasty, Shah of Iran
- Juan Pujol, Catalan composer of music and organist
- Robert Catesby, English leader of the Gunpowder Plot
- Tupac Amaru, last of the Inca kings
- John Knox, Scottish religious reformer