|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1690s 1700s 1710s – 1720s – 1730s 1740s 1750s|
|Years:||1723 1724 1725 – 1726 – 1727 1728 1729|
- George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject.
- Jonathan Swift publishes Gulliver's Travels.
- The city of Montevideo was established.
- Mary Toft allegedly gives birth to 16 rabbits in England, later revealed to be a hoax.
- The Gujin tushu jicheng, an immense Chinese encyclopedia, is printed using movable copper type.
- June 23 - Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia
- April 5 - Benjamin Harrison V, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1791)
- June 3 - James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797)
- June 11 - Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain, daughter of Philip V of Spain
- June 20 - Louise Henriette de Bourbon, mother of Philippe Égalité (d.1759)
- December 1 - Oliver Wolcott, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence
- Horatio Gates, American general
- Philidor, French chess player
- George Wythe, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence
- August 8 - Margravine Johanna of Baden-Baden, Duchess of Orleans