|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1690s 1700s 1710s – 1720s – 1730s 1740s 1750s|
|Years:||1723 1724 1725 – 1726 – 1727 1728 1729|
- George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject.
- Jonathan Swift publishes Gulliver's Travels.
- The city of Montevideo was established.
- Mary Toft allegedly gives birth to 16 rabbits in England, later revealed to be a hoax.
- The Gujin tushu jicheng, an immense Chinese encyclopedia, is printed using movable copper type.
- June 23 – Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia (d. 1796)
- April 5 – Benjamin Harrison V, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1791)
- June 3 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797)
- June 11 – Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain, daughter of Philip V of Spain (d. 1746)
- June 20 – Louise Henriette de Bourbon, mother of Philippe Égalité (d.1759)
- September 1 – François-André Danican Philidor, French chess player (d. 1795)
- December 1 – Oliver Wolcott, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1797)
- December 3 – George Wythe, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence (d. 1806)