Alfred Hitchcock

English filmmaker (1899–1980)

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980)[1] was a British movie director who later became an American citizen, but still kept his British citizenship. He mostly made mystery and suspense movies. Despite having a successful career, Hitchcock never won an Academy Award.[2]

Alfred Hitchcock

Hitchcock, c. 1960s
Alfred Joseph Hitchcock

(1899-08-13)13 August 1899
Leytonstone, Essex, England
Died29 April 1980(1980-04-29) (aged 80)
Bel Air, California, U.S.
Cause of deathKidney failure
  • United Kingdom
  • United States (1955–1980)
EducationSalesian College, Battersea
Alma materSt Ignatius' College, London
  • Movie director
  • editor
  • producer
  • screenwriter
  • actor
Years active1919–1980
Alma Reville (m. 1926)
ChildrenPatricia Hitchcock
AwardsList of awards and nominations received by Alfred Hitchcock

Career change

Hitchcock started his career in England, starting with silent movies in the 1920s. In the 1930s, he made some successful movies like The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934), The 39 Steps (1935), and The Lady Vanishes (1938). He then moved to the United States, to work in Hollywood. His first American movie was Rebecca (1940), which won an Academy Award.

Some of his best known movies from the 1940s are Spellbound (1945) and Notorious (1946), which were inspired by psychoanalysis. His first movie in color was the experimental Rope (1948). Strangers on a Train (1951) was based on a novel by Patricia Highsmith. In the 1950s, he made three popular movies with Grace Kelly: Dial M for Murder (1954), Rear Window (1954), and To Catch a Thief (1955). In 1956, he made a new version of The Man Who Knew Too Much, starring James Stewart and Doris Day. He returned to black-and-white, briefly, with The Wrong Man (1957). Then came Vertigo (1958), which some consider his best suspense movie. It was followed by three more successful movies: North by Northwest (1959), Psycho (1960), and The Birds (1963). After that, he only made 5 more movies: Marnie (1964), Torn Curtain (1966), Topaz (1969), Frenzy (1972), and Family Plot (1976). In 1971, he became the very first winner of the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award. This is an award for lifetime achievement.

In 1945 Hitchcock made a documentary about the Holocaust. It will be shown on British television in 2015.[3]

Hitchcock appeared very quickly in small roles in most of his movies.

He also hosted a TV show, Alfred Hitchcock Presents.

Personal life change

Hithcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex. He was a Roman Catholic.[4] He was married to Alma Reville, who helped write some of his movies. They had a daughter, Patricia. He died in Bel Air, Los Angeles.

Filmmaking style change

Alfred Hitchcock, a famous filmmaker, used several unique elements in his movies. These included the MacGuffin, suspense, cameos, music, blonde leading ladies, close-ups, macabre themes, twist endings, specific locations, and unreliable narrators. These elements contributed to his enduring legacy in the world of cinema.[5]

Films change

Silent films

Sound films

References change

  1. Alfred Hitchcock on IMDb
  2. Alfred Hitchcock Anecdotes and Fun Facts at Mystery
  3. Child, Ben (10 January 2014). "Unseen Alfred Hitchcock Holocaust documentary to be released". The Guardian – via
  4. "Hitchcock's faith deeper subtext in his 'scary' films". Archived from the original on 2011-11-29. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  5. "10 Signature Elements of Alfred Hitchcock's Filmmaking Style!". Critic Film. 2023-04-20. Retrieved 2023-10-23.