Anna (era)

Japanese era from 968 to 970

Anna (安和) was a Japanese era (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kōhō and before Tenroku. This period spanned the years from August 968 through March 970.[1] The reigning emperors were Reizei-tennō (冷泉天皇) and En'yū-tennō (円融天皇).[2]

Events of the Anna era

  • 26 October 968 (Anna 1, 26th day of the 10th month): A child who would become Emperor Kazan is born in the house of the man who would become Emperor Ichijo.[4]
  • 969 (Anna 2, 12th month): The kampaku Saneyori celebrated his 70th birthday.[5]
  • 969 (Anna 2): The "Anna Incident" (Anna no hen)[6]


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Anna" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 32.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 142-143; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 299-300; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 191-192.
  3. Titsingh, p. 142.
  4. McCullough, Helen Craig. (1980). Okagami, the Great Mirror: Fujiwara Michinaga (966-1027) and his Times, p. 80.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Titsingh, p. 144.
  6. Mostow, Joshua. (1999). At the House of Gathered Leaves: Shorter Biographical and Autobiographical Narratives from Japanese Court Literature, p. 3; excerpt, "At the time of Emperor Murakami's death and the accession of Emperor Reizei in 967, it was unclear who would be crown prince .... In 969, an alleged plot to usurp the throne was uncovered; and Imperial Prince Tamehira was banished to Kyushu."

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Anna 1st 2nd 3rd
968 969 970
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: