António de Spínola

President of Portugal (1974)

António Sebastião Ribeiro de Spínola GCTE ComA (generally referred to as António de Spínola, Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ ˈtɔniu dɨ ˈspinulɐ];[1] 11 April 1910 – 13 August 1996) was a Portuguese military officer.

António de Spínola

14th President of Portugal
In office
May 15, 1974 – September 30, 1974
Prime MinisterAdelino da Palma Carlos
Vasco Gonçalves
Preceded byAmérico Tomás
Succeeded byFrancisco da Costa Gomes
Governor of the Portuguese Guinea
In office
May 20, 1968 – August 30, 1973
PresidentAmérico Tomás
Personal details
BornApril 11, 1910
Estremoz, Portugal
DiedAugust 13, 1996(1996-08-13) (aged 86)
Lisbon, Portugal
Military service
Allegiance Portugal
Branch/serviceMilitary flag of Portugal Portuguese Army
Years of service1920–1974, 1981
  • General (effective)
  • Field Marshal (honorific)

During the Carnation Revolution, Marcelo Caetano would only surrender to Spínola. This gave Spínola an important place after the revolution. He was made president of the National Salvation Junta. Then he became President of Portugal. He was only President 4 months before Francisco da Costa Gomes took the position.[2]


  1. This surname, however, was not accompanied by the grammatical nobiliary particle "de".
  2. "Antonio de Spinola, 86, a Bridge to Democracy for the Portuguese". New York Times. 14 August 1996. Retrieved 26 Sep 2016.