Anti-abortion movement

social movement that opposes abortion

The Anti-abortion movement is a group of people who bleieve that human life begins at conception and that the life of unborn children should be protected. As a consequence, they oppose abortion, in some or all cases. As they are in favor of the life of the unborn, they are also called pro-life. In the 1960, there were the oral contraception pills, and the sexual revolution started. The anti-abortion movement started in the early 1970s, in the United States. The other movement believes that women should have a choice whether to end a pregnancy, is called pro-choice.

An anti-abortion group protesting at the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, D.C.
Anti-abortion demonstrators at the March for Life, in 2004.
Anti-abortion protests in front of a clinic performing abortions, in 1986

People who are anti-abortion say that all humans, including the unborn, have a right to live. They say that having a human genome is enough for a developing organism to be called a living human being. Others say that an organism should be identified as a living human being once a heartbeat has been detected. Pro-lifers say that abortion should be illegal. Many pro-lifers say women who are pregnant and do not want to raise a child should look for alternatives to abortion such as adoption.

There are many advocacy groups that try to convince people that abortion is wrong.

The pro-life movement is most associated with conservative politics. In one poll in the United States, 66% of conservatives called themselves pro-life. It is also associated with the Catholic Church.[1] Pope Francis has said that "Every child that isn't born, but is unjustly condemned to be aborted, has the face of Jesus Christ, has the face of the Lord."[2]

BackgroundEdit

In 2022, many countries have laws that say that abortion is possible for a certain abount of time, without penalty.

In 1973, the U.S. supreme court decided that the article in the laws of a state that banned abortion was unconsitutional. This decision is known as Roe v. Wade today. It legalized abortion. In 2022, the Supreme Court removed a constitutional right. They ruled that the consitution of the United States does not give the right to privacy under the 14th Amendment and therefore abortion is not protected. This case is called Dobbs v. Jackson Women's Health Organization today. It overrules the Roe vs. Wade case of 1973.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Inc, Gallup. "Americans Misjudge U.S. Abortion Views". Gallup.com.
  2. "A day after telling Catholics not to obsess with abortion, the Pope encourages doctors NOT to perform abortions". Mail Online. 20 September 2013.