Appenzell Ausserrhoden

canton of Switzerland

Appenzell Ausserrhoden is a canton of Switzerland. Appenzell Ausserrhoden is in the northeast of Switzerland, next to the cantons of St. Gallen and Appenzell Innerrhoden.

Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Flag of Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Coat of arms of Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Location in Switzerland
Map of Appenzell Ausserrhoden

Coordinates: 47°3′N 9°1′E / 47.050°N 9.017°E / 47.050; 9.017
Country  Switzerland
Administrative capital and largest cityHerisau
Subdivisions20 municipalities
 • ExecutiveRegierungsrat (7)
 • LegislativeKantonsrat (65)
 • Total242.84 km2 (93.76 sq mi)
 (December 2020)[2]
 • Total55,309
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeCH-AR
Highest point2,502 m (8,209 ft): Säntis
Lowest point430 m (1,411 ft): Lutzenberg

History change

Settlement in Appenzell began in the 7th and the 8th century alongside the river Glatt. In 907 Herisau is mentioned for the first time, the canton (Appenzell: abbatis cella) is named first in 1071.

The canton witnessed a number of battles, including the Battle of Vögelinsegg (1403) and the Battle at the Stoss (1405).

In 1513 Appenzell joined the Swiss confederation as the 13th canton. In 1597 the Protestant canton was divided for religious reasons from the former canton Appenzell, with the Catholic Appenzell Innerrhoden being the other half.

From the 16th century onwards linen production was established little by little. Larger textile businesses established themselves, later diversifying into weaving and embroidery. The textile industry collapsed between 1920 and 1939.

In 1834 for the first time a constitution was adapted, undergoing reforms in 1876 and 1908. The construction of numerous railway lines between 1875 and 1913 helped the local industry and the population grew to a maximum of 57,973 people in 1910 (compared with 53,200 in 2001).

In 1934 Johannes Baumann was the first citizen from Appenzell Ausserrhoden to become a federal councilor. Women's right to vote was introduced in 1972 on a local level, but only in 1989 on a canton-wide level. In 1994 for the first time two women were elected into government. The open assembly (Landsgemeinde) was abolished in 1997. The right of foreigners to vote is determined by each municipality.

Municipalities change

The 20 municipalities are:

References change

  1. Arealstatistik Land Cover - Kantone und Grossregionen nach 6 Hauptbereichen accessed 27 October 2017
  2. "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.

Other websites change