1597 (MDXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1597th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 597th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 16th century, and the 8th year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1597, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 15th century16th century17th century
Decades: 1560s  1570s  1580s  – 1590s –  1600s  1610s  1620s
Years: 1594 1595 159615971598 1599 1600
1597 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1597
Ab urbe condita2350
Armenian calendar1046
Assyrian calendar6347
Balinese saka calendar1518–1519
Bengali calendar1004
Berber calendar2547
English Regnal year39 Eliz. 1 – 40 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2141
Burmese calendar959
Byzantine calendar7105–7106
Chinese calendar丙申(Fire Monkey)
4293 or 4233
    — to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
4294 or 4234
Coptic calendar1313–1314
Discordian calendar2763
Ethiopian calendar1589–1590
Hebrew calendar5357–5358
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1653–1654
 - Shaka Samvat1518–1519
 - Kali Yuga4697–4698
Holocene calendar11597
Igbo calendar597–598
Iranian calendar975–976
Islamic calendar1005–1006
Japanese calendarKeichō 2
Javanese calendar1517–1518
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3930
Minguo calendar315 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar129
Thai solar calendar2139–2140
Tibetan calendar阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
1723 or 1342 or 570
    — to —
(female Fire-Rooster)
1724 or 1343 or 571