Ban Ki-moon (Hangul: 반기문; Hanja: 潘基文; born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean diplomat. He was the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 2007 to 2016. He replaced Kofi Annan on 1 January 2007.
|8th Secretary-General of the United Nations|
1 January 2007 – 31 December 2016
|Preceded by||Kofi Annan|
|Succeeded by||António Guterres|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade|
17 January 2004 – 1 December 2006
|Preceded by||Yoon Young-kwan|
|Succeeded by||Song Min-soon|
|Born||13 June 1944|
Insei, Japanese Korea
(now Eumseong County, South Korea)
|Education||Seoul National University (BA)|
Harvard University (MPA)
|Revised Romanization||Ban Gimun|
Ban received his bachelor's degree in International Relations from Seoul National University in 1970 and earned a Master of Public Administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 1985.
Ban met U.S. President John F. Kennedy in Washington, D.C. after winning an English language competition in the early 1960s while he was in high school. The competition was organised by the American Red Cross. He has said that it was after this meeting that he wanted to become a diplomat.
Ban joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in May 1970 and worked his way up during the years of the Yusin Constitution.
His first overseas posting was to New Delhi. After that, he worked in the United Nations Division at the foreign ministry's headquarters. At the time of Park Chung Hee's assassination, Ban was First Secretary at South Korea's Permanent Observer Mission to the UN in New York City (South Korea only became a full UN member state on September 17, 1991). He subsequently assumed the post of Director of the United Nations Division. He has been posted twice to the Republic of Korea (ROK) Embassy in Washington, D.C. Between these two assignments he served as Director-General for American Affairs in 1990 – 1992. He was promoted to the position of Deputy Minister for Policy Planning and International Organizations in 1995. He was then appointed National Security Advisor to the President in 1996, and assumed the office of Vice Minister in 2000. His most recent post was as Foreign Policy Advisor to the President Roh Moo-hyun.
While he served as Ambassador to Austria, Ban was elected as Chairman of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO PrepCom) in 1999. During the ROK's Presidency of the 56th Session of the United Nations General Assembly (GA) in 2001, he worked as Chef de Cabinet of the President of the GA.
Ban has been very involved in issues relating to inter-Korean relationships. In 1992, he served as Vice Chairman of the South-North Joint Nuclear Control Commission, following the adoption by South and North Korea of the Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. In September 2005, as Foreign Minister, he played a leading role in the diplomatic efforts to adopt the Joint Statement on resolving the North Korean nuclear issue at the Fourth Round of the Six-Party Talks held in Beijing.
UN Secretary-General candidacy Edit
In February 2006, Ban announced his candidacy to replace Kofi Annan as UN Secretary-General at the end of 2006. He was the first South Korean to run for Secretary-General. He got the most votes in each of the four straw polls conducted by the United Nations Security Council on July 24, 2006, September 14, 2006 September 28, 2006 and October 2, 2006.
On September 25, 2006, while these polls were taking place, Ban addressed the Asia Society in New York on his candidacy and views on major issues confronting the UN. The next day, he gave an interview to the Asia Society's AsiaSource, where he again spoke a lot about the upcoming challenges to be faced by the UN. Earlier in the year, he had spoken to the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.
In an informal poll that took place on October 2, 2006, Ban received fourteen favourable votes and one "no opinion" from the fifteen members of the Security Council; the Japanese delegation the only nation that was not in full agreement. More importantly, Ban was the only one to escape a veto, while each of the five other candidates received at least one "no" vote from the five permanent members of the council — People's Republic of China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. After the vote, Shashi Tharoor, who finished second, withdrew his candidacy and China's Permanent Representative to the UN told reporters that "it is quite clear from today's straw poll that Minister Ban Ki-moon is the candidate that the Security Council will recommend to the General Assembly."
On October 9, 2006, the Security Council formally chose Ban as its nominee. On October 13, 2006, the 192-member General Assembly adopted a resolution, by acclamation, appointing Ban as Secretary-General.
In 2009 Op-Ed, Ban Ki-moon in referring to global warming stated:
On June 21, 2011, he was re-elected for a second term as UN Secretary General by unanimous votes.
Ban has been awarded the Order of Service Merit twice, once in 1975, and again in 1986, by the Government of the Republic of Korea. For his accomplishments as an envoy, he received the Grand Decoration of Honour from the Republic of Austria in 2001. A year later, the government of Brazil awarded himi the Grand Cross of Rio Branco.
- p. 493, "Local Administration, Chapter XXIV: Korea (Chōsen)," The Japan-Manchukuo Year Book 1938, Japan-Manchukuo Year Book Co., Kojimachi-ku, Tokyo
- "Welcomto Eumseong". Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- "Ban named next U.N. secretary-general". Associated Press. Retrieved 2006-10-13.[permanent dead link]
- "Biography of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Republic of Korea - Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2006-09-29.
- Song-wu, Park (2006-02-14). "Minister Ban to Run for Top UN Job". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2006-09-28.
- "Ban takes 1st Straw Poll". UNSG.org. 2006-07-24. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2006-09-28.
- "Ban firms up lead in second Straw Poll". UNSG.org. 2006-09-14. Archived from the original on 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2006-09-28.
- "Ban slips but holds, Vike Freiberga pushes into third". UNSG.org]. 2006-09-28. Archived from the original on 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2006-09-28.
- "Ban Ki-moon wins". UNSG.org. 2006-10-02. Archived from the original on 2006-11-04. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- "Ban vows to reform U.N. if given top job". seattlepi.nwsource.com. 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2006-10-09.[permanent dead link]
- "Shashi Tharoor pulls out of UN race". NDTV.com. 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- "Winds Of Change Blowing At U.N." www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2023-02-25.
- Ki-Moon, Ban (25 October 2009). "Opinion - We Can Do It". The New York Times.
- "Samsung Chairman Lee Receives Van Fleet Award". KBS World. 2006-09-20. Archived from the original on 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2006-09-28.