Batavian Republic

republic in Western Europe between 1795–1806

The Batavian Republic came after the Dutch Republic was invaded by the French Republic. It was announced on 19 January 1795 and ended on 5 June 1806, when Louis Bonaparte took the Dutch throne. From October 1801 onward, it was called the Batavian Commonwealth. It was named after the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe.

Batavian Republic
Bataafse Republiek
Batavian Commonwealth
Bataafs Gemenebest
Flag of Batavia
National flag
Great Seal (1796) of Batavia
Great Seal (1796)
Motto: ("Equality, Liberty, Fraternity")
The Batavian Republic in 1797
The Batavian Republic in 1797
Batavian departments in 1801
Batavian departments in 1801
StatusFrench client republic
CapitalThe Hague
Official languagesDutch, French
Common languages
Frisian, German, Dutch Low Saxon
GovernmentUnitary revolutionary republic
Executive Government 
• 1795
Revolutionary Comm.
• 1795–1796
• 1796–1798
National Assembly
• 1798–1801
Executive Authority
• 1801–1805
State Council
• 1805–1806
Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
19 January 1795
16 May 1795
5 June 1806
• 1795
• 1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dutch Republic
Kingdom of Holland
Today part ofNetherlands

The constitution that was made in 1798 was genuinely democratic.

It was a client state of France, but its governments tried to maintain some independence and to serve Dutch interests even where they clashed with the interests of the French.