The Dutch Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, the Republic of the United Netherlands, or the Republic of the Seven United Provinces, was a republic in Europe. It was a confederacy of provinces that existed from 1581 to 1795. It started when seven northern provinces of the Spanish Netherlands joined together to fight for independence. It ended when Napoleon set up the Batavian Republic, which later became the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the modern Netherlands (now part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands). Alternative names include the United Provinces, Federated Belgic Provinces, and Belgic Federation.
Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden
|Motto: Concordia res parvae crescunt|
"Unity makes strength"
|Anthem: Het Wilhelmus|
|Common languages||Dutch, Zeelandic, West Flemish, Dutch Low Saxon, West Frisian|
|William I (first)|
|William V (last)|
|Paulus Buys (first)|
|Laurens van de Spiegel (last)|
• State council
|Council of State|
|Historical era||Early modern|
|23 January 1579|
|26 July 1581|
|30 January 1648|
|19 January 1795|
|Today part of|
- NTR, Omroep. "Waarom vormen de Noordelijke Nederlanden een republiek?". NPO Focus.
- In full concordia res parvae crescunt, discordia maximae dilabuntur. Hubert de Vries, Wapens van de Nederlanden. De historische ontwikkeling van de heraldische symbolen van Nederland, België, hun provincies en Luxemburg. Uitgeverij Jan Mets, Amsterdam, 1995, pp. 31–32.
- Demographics of the Netherlands Archived 2011-12-26 at the Wayback Machine, Jan Lahmeyer. Retrieved on 10 February 2014.