Betty Shabazz

American educator and civil rights advocate

Betty Shabazz was an American educator and civil rights activist. She was the widow of Malcolm X.

Betty Shabazz
Betty Shabazz.jpg
Betty Dean Sanders

(1934-05-28)May 28, 1934
DiedJune 23, 1997(1997-06-23) (aged 63)
Resting placeFerncliff Cemetery
Other namesBetty X
Spouse(s)Malcolm X (1958–1965)
ChildrenAttallah Shabazz
Qubilah Shabazz
Ilyasah Shabazz
Gamilah Lumumba Shabazz
Malikah Shabazz
Malaak Shabazz

She was born on May 28, in either 1934 or 1936. Her full name at birth was Betty Dean Sanders. She grew up in Detroit, Michigan. She and Malcolm X joined the Nation of Islam in 1956. They married in 1958. They had six children together. She raised them on her own after her husband was murdered in 1965.

Shabazz converted to Islam in 1965. Betty was pregnant with twin girls when she witnessed Malcolm X’s assassination. Betty never remarried after her husband’s death, and became a national figure. She also cared deeply about the struggle of people of African heritage in the U.S.

Shabazz's grandson Malcolm Shabazz (1984-2013) set fire to her apartment on June 1, 1997. She died of burns in hospital on June 23, 1997. He was convicted of arson and manslaughter and sentenced to 18 months juvenile detention.