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Black-and-white ruffed lemur

Lemur endemic to Madagascar

The black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) is a threatened species native to the eastern coasts of Madagascar. Including the tail, black-and-white ruffed lemurs are one of the largest of the lemurs in the world, being 4 feet tall and weighing 10 pounds. They can live up to 18 years in captivity. Like all ruffed lemurs, they get their name from the thick fur that surrounds their whole head.

Black-and-white ruffed lemur[1]
BlackandWhiteRuffedLemur CincinnatiZoo.jpg
Scientific classification
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Species:
V. variegata
Binomial name
Varecia variegata
(Kerr, 1792)
Subspecies

V. v. variegata (Kerr, 1792)
V. v. editorum (Osman Hill, 1953)
V. v. subcincta (A. Smith, 1833)

Varecia variegata range map.svg
Varecia variegatta distribution[3]
orange = V. v. subcincta;
green = V. v. variegata;
blue = V. v. editorum
Synonyms

V. v. variegata:

  • vari Muirhead, 1819
  • varius I. Geoffroy, 1851[4]

DietEdit

Black-and-white ruffed lemurs mainly eat fruits, leaves, seeds and nectar, and insects. In captivity, some zoos will include biscuits to their meals.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 117. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text (link)
  2. Andrainarivo, C. et al. (2008). "Varecia variegata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 Oct 2008. Explicit use of et al. in: |authors= (help)CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Listed as Critically Endangered (CR A2cd v3.1)
  3. Mittermeier, R.A.; et al. (2006). Lemurs of Madagascar (2nd Edition ed.). Conservation International. pp. 303–320. ISBN 1-881173-88-7. Explicit use of et al. in: |author2= (help)CS1 maint: Extra text (link)
  4. Groves, Colin (16 November 2005). Wilson, D. E., and Reeder, D. M. (eds) (ed.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. {{{pages}}}. ISBN 0-801-88221-4.CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text (link)