Blue Origin

American aerospace developer and manufacturer

Blue Origin Federation, LLC is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington. The company was founded in 2000 by Jeff Bezos and is led by CEO Bob Smith.

Blue Origin Federation, LLC[1]
Company typeLimited Liability Company
IndustryAerospace industry
FoundedSeptember 8, 2000 (2000-09-08)
FounderJeff Bezos
Key people
OwnerJeff Bezos
Number of employees
2,500 [3] (2019)
  • Blue Origin Florida
  • Blue Origin Texas
  • Blue Origin International

The company has taken 32 tourists into space, as of September 2022.


  • On July 20, 2021, Blue Origin had its first flight into space with people inside one of its spacecraft: three passengers and one commander. The flight was approximately 10 minutes, and crossed the Kármán line (at an altitude of 100 kilometers).
  • June 4, 2022; the company's fifth flight with people on board; name of flight: NS-21; the company's 28th flight was a success.
  • August 4, 2022; the company's sixth flight with people on board; name of flight: NS-22; the company's 29th flight was a success.
  • September 12, 2022; the flight was a failure and no people were on the flight: a booster rocket failed and that started the launch escape system; the capsule came to an altitude of about 37,000 ft (11,000 m), before its parachutes came out and it landed;[5] name of flight: NS-23; the company's 30th flight. The accident is under investigation by Federal Aviation Administration, as of 2022's fourth quarter.

Vehicles being built or having tests done


The New Glenn launch vehicle (or carrier rocket) will have its first launch no earlier than 2023's fourth quarter;[6][7][8] It can launch satellites.[9]

Kuiper Systems, a subsidiary of the company Amazon, has contracts to launch satellites into space; The use of New Glenn rockets, is a part of the contract.[10]

Extra information


The company motto is Gradatim Ferociter, Latin for "Step by Step, Ferociously."[11]

A New Shepard re-entry capsule, or New Shepard Crew Capsule RSS H. G. Wells after landing in 2017


  1.[permanent dead link]
  2. Sheetz, Michael (April 18, 2018). "Blue Origin's new rocket engine will be able to launch '100 full missions,' CEO says". Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  3. Alan Boyle. "Blue Origin's expansion plans rush ahead at its Seattle-area HQ — and in Los Angeles". GeekWire – via Yahoo! News.
  4. Sveinn Vidar Gudmundsson (May 7, 2018). Blue Origin: Riding the Wave of Disruption in the Space Industry. p. 4. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.29752.03846. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  5. Chang, Kenneth (2022-09-12). "Bezos' Rocket Crashes; No People Were Aboard". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2022-09-12. Retrieved 2022-09-13.
  6. Foust, Jeff (23 March 2022). "Vulcan Centaur on schedule for first launch in 2022 as New Glenn slips". SpaceNews. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  7. Berger, Eric (March 1, 2021). "Blue Origin's massive New Glenn rocket is delayed for years. What went wrong?". Ars Technica. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  8. "Blue Origin delays first launch of New Glenn to late 2022". SpaceNews. 25 February 2021. Archived from the original on 22 September 2021. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  9. Henry, Caleb (July 12, 2018). "Blue Origin to offer dual launch with New Glenn after fifth mission". SpaceNews. Retrieved August 5, 2018.
  10. Retrieved 2023-02-10
  11. "Gradatim Ferociter! Jeff Bezos explains Blue Origin's motto, logo … and the boots". GeekWire. 2016-10-25. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 2018-01-25.