Bodrum Castle

fortification

Bodrum Castle (Turkish: Bodrum Kalesi), formerly the Castle of St. Peter, is located in southwest Turkey in the port city of Bodrum (37°1′54″N 27°25′46″E / 37.03167°N 27.42944°E / 37.03167; 27.42944Coordinates: 37°1′54″N 27°25′46″E / 37.03167°N 27.42944°E / 37.03167; 27.42944), was built from 1402 onwards, by the Knights Hospitaller as the Castle of St. Peter or Petronium. The castle was completed in 1522. It was used as a jail in 19th century. There are 5 towers of Bodrum Castle.

Southeast view of Bodrum Castle

HistoryEdit

 
Bodrum Castle, 2020

The headquarters of the Knights Hospitaller were on the island of Rhodes. In 1402 their fortifications at İzmir fell to the Mongols under Tamerlane.[1] Threatened by an invasion of the Seljuks they built the castle at Bodrum.[1] Its location was the site of a fortification during the Doric Greek period. There was also a small Seljuk castle in the 11th century. The same promontory is also the probable site of the palace of Mausolos.[2] He was the king of Caria.[2] The construction of the castle began in 1404. It was fully fortified by 1460.[3] Bodrum came under its final siege in 1522. At the time it was still strong enough to send men to Rhodes.[3] After Rhodes fell, the castle surrendered.[3]

Museum of Underwater ArchaeologyEdit

The Museum of Underwater Archaeology is housed inside the castle.[4] One of its displays is one of the world's oldest ships believed to come from the 6th century.[4] Another is called the glass shipwreck due to the large number of bottles it was carrying.[4]

BibliographyEdit

Bodream, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Anagramme Ed., 2010.ISBN 978 2 35035 279 4

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 David Nicolle, Knight Hospitaller (Oxford: Osprey Military, 2001): 1306-1565 (), p. 53
  2. 2.0 2.1 Trevor Bryce, The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia (Oxford; New York: Routledge, 2009), p. 278
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Archaeology and Architecture of the Military Orders: New Studies, eds. Christer Carlsson; Mathias Piana (Farnham, Surrey; Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2014), p. 59
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Samantha Lafferty, Turkey's Aegean Coast: Ismir, Ephesus, Bodrum, Pergamon, Kusadasi & Beyond (Edison, NJ: Hunter Publishing, 2008), p. 280

Other websitesEdit