Ferdinand "Bongbong" Romualdez Marcos Jr. (born September 13, 1957) is a Filipino politician who is the President of the Philippines since 2022. He was a senator from 2010 to 2016. He is the second child and only son of the president and dictator Ferdinand Marcos Sr. and former First Lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos.
|17th President of the Philippines|
|Assumed office |
June 30, 2022
|Vice President||Sara Duterte|
|Preceded by||Rodrigo Duterte|
|Secretary of Agriculture|
|Assumed office |
June 30, 2022
|Preceded by||William Dar|
|Senator of the Philippines|
June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2016
|Member of the|
Philippine House of Representatives
from Ilocos Norte's 2nd district
June 30, 2007 – June 30, 2010
|Preceded by||Imee Marcos|
|Succeeded by||Imelda Marcos|
June 30, 1992 – June 30, 1995
|Preceded by||Mariano Nalupta Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Simeon Valdez|
|Governor of Ilocos Norte|
June 30, 1998 – June 30, 2007
|Preceded by||Rodolfo Fariñas|
|Succeeded by||Michael Marcos Keon|
March 23, 1983 – February 25, 1986
|Preceded by||Elizabeth Keon|
|Succeeded by||Castor Raval (OIC)|
|Vice Governor of Ilocos Norte|
June 30, 1980 – March 23, 1983
Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr.
September 13, 1957
San Juan, Metro Manila Philippines
|Political party||PFP (2021–present)|
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (1980–2009)
Louise Araneta (m. 1993)
|Children||3, including Sandro Marcos|
|Parents||Ferdinand Marcos Sr.|
|Residence||Batac, Ilocos Norte|
|Alma mater||St Edmund Hall, Oxford (special diploma)|
Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania (did not graduate)
Marcos was also a member of the House of Representatives of the Philippines from 1992 until 1995 and again from 2007 until 2010. He also was the Governor of Ilocos Norte from 1983 until 1986 and from 1998 until 2007.
Early life Edit
Marcos Jr., nicknamed 'Bongbong', was born in Santa Mesa, Manila. He is the second child to Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos and Imelda Remedios Visitacion Romualdez. His parents had three daughters. He had four siblings by his father's first marriage.
In 1970, Marcos was sent to England where he lived and studied at Worth School in West Sussex. He later went to St Edmund Hall, Oxford, to study philosophy, politics and economics; however he never graduated with that degree. Marcos had passed philosophy, but failed economics, and failed politics twice, thus making him ineligible for a degree. Instead, he received a special diploma in social studies, which is awarded mainly to non-graduates. Marcos still falsely claims that he got a degree from the University of Oxford even though Oxford confirmed in 2015 that Marcos did not finish his degree.
Marcos dictatorship Edit
In 1980, the 23-year-old Marcos Jr. became vice governor of Ilocos Norte, running unopposed under the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan party of his father, who was ruling the Philippines under martial law at the time. He then became governor of Ilocos Norte in 1983, holding that office until his family was removed from power by the People Power Revolution and fled into exile in Hawaii in February 1986. After the death of his father in 1989, President Corazon Aquino eventually allowed the remaining members of the Marcos family to return to the Philippines to face many charges.
Congress career Edit
Marcos was elected as representative of Ilocos Norte's 2nd congressional district from 1992 to 1995. Marcos ran for and was elected governor of Ilocos Norte again in 1998. After nine years, he returned as representative from 2007 to 2010, then became senator under the Nacionalista Party from 2010 to 2016.
2016 vice presidential campaign Edit
In 2015, Marcos ran for vice president in the 2016 election. Marcos lost to Camarines Sur representative Leni Robredo by a small amount of votes. In response, Marcos protested the results. His petition was later dismissed after the pilot recount of the chosen provinces of Negros Oriental, Iloilo and Camarines Sur showed Robredo expanding her lead and therefore winning the vice presidential election.
2022 presidential campaign Edit
In 2021, Marcos announced that he would run for president of the Philippines in the 2022 election, under the Partido Federal ng Pilipinas (PFP). His campaign had criticism for spreading fake information about his rivals such as Robredo and for lying about his father's dictatorship. His campaign has also been accused of ignoring or changing facts about the human rights abuses and increase of wealth that took place during his father's presidency.
Marcos had a wide lead in presidential polls throughout the months leading up to the May 2022 election. He is the first presidential candidate in the country to have poll ratings of over 50% from surveys. He has only attended one presidential debate which brought him controversy. He won the election in May 2022 in a landslide victory.
Legal issues Edit
He and his mother are currently facing arrest in the United States and its territories for ignoring a court order to pay US$353 million in restitution to human rights abuse victims of his father's dictatorship. He and his mother are also facing tax evasion charges and payments in the Philippines since the 1990s.
However, on June 9, 2022, United States Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman said that as a head of state, Marcos has diplomatic immunity, meaning he could visit the United States as president of the Philippines without facing any arrests.
Personal life Edit
- "Bongbong takes a bride". Manila Standard. Kamahalan Publishing Corp. April 19, 1993. p. 4. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- "A dynasty on steroids". The Sydney Morning Herald. November 24, 2012.
- "Senator Ferdinand "Bongbong" R. Marcos Jr". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- Sharma, Akanksha; Westcott, Ben (October 6, 2021). "Ferdinand 'Bongbong' Marcos, son of late dictator, announces Philippines presidential bid". CNN. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- "Biden, Xi congratulate Marcos Jr on Philippine presidential win". Al Jazeera. 12 May 2022. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
- Cabato, Regine; Westfall, Sammy (10 May 2022). "Marcos family once ousted by uprising wins Philippines vote in landslide". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
- "Personal Timeline". 2022.
- Seagrave, Sterling (1988). The Marcos dynasty. New York ...[etc.]: Harper & Row. ISBN 0060161477. OCLC 1039684909.
- "Oxford: Bongbong Marcos' special diploma 'not a full graduate diploma'". RAPPLER. October 26, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
- "Resume of Senator Ferdinand "Bongbong" R. Marcos Jr". Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
- "Oxford group: Marcos received special diploma, no college degree". cnn. Retrieved January 8, 2022.
- "Marcos Pa Rin! The Legacy and the Curse of the Marcos Regime". Kasarinlan: Philippine Journal of Third World Studies. 28: 456. 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2021.
- Collas-Monsod, Solita (November 6, 2021). "Yes, I tutored Bongbong in Economics". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
- Ariate, Joel F.; Reyes, Miguel Paolo P.; Del Mundo, Larah Vinda (November 1, 2021). "The documents on Bongbong Marcos' university education (Part 1- Oxford University)". Vera Files.
- Gonzales, Catherine (February 5, 2022). "Bongbong Marcos maintains he's a graduate of Oxford". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
- "Bongbong Marcos: Oxford, Wharton educational record 'accurate'". Rappler. Retrieved November 12, 2015.
- Ellison, Katherine W. (2005). Imelda, steel butterfly of the Philippines. Lincoln, Nebraska.
- Holley, David (February 28, 1986). "Speculation Grows: Marcos May Stay at Luxurious Hawaii Estate". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on September 21, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- Mydans, Seth (November 4, 1991). "Imelda Marcos Returns to Philippines". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
- "List of Committees". Senate of the Philippines. February 5, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Bongbong Marcos running for vice president in 2016". CNN. October 5, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
- "Marcos heir loses bid to overturn Philippine VP election loss". The South China Morning Post. Agence France-Presse. February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
- "Supreme Court unanimously junks Marcos' VP poll protest vs Robredo". CNN Philippines. February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
- "Dictator's son Bongbong Marcos files candidacy for president". RAPPLER. October 6, 2021. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
- "Filipinos fall for fake history". The Standard (Hong Kong). Agence France-Presse. March 30, 2022.
- "How the Philippines' brutal history is being whitewashed for voters". Washington Post. 2022-04-12. Retrieved 2022-04-23.
- Wee, Sui-Lee (2022-05-01). "'We Want Change': In the Philippines, Young People Aim to Upend an Election". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-05-02.
- Mercado, Neil Arwin (November 16, 2021). "It's official: Bongbong Marcos, Sara Duterte running in tandem in 2022 elections". Inquirer News. Manila, Philippines: INQUIRER.net. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Baclig, Cristina Eloisa (February 18, 2022). "The complex role of surveys, public opinion in PH elections". Inquirer News. Manila, Philippines: INQUIRER.net. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Ruiz, Ellalyn de Vera (April 6, 2022). "Bongbong, Sara still survey frontrunners — Pulse Asia". Manila Bulletin. Manila Bulletin Publishing Corporation. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Ranada, Pia (December 22, 2021). "Marcos outstrips rivals, Robredo clear second placer in Pulse Asia survey". Rappler. Manila, Philippines: Rappler Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
This is the first time in a Pulse Asia survey that a presidential aspirant got a 'majority vote' equivalent in survey ratings, Pulse Asia executive director Ana Tabunda told Rappler
- Mercado, Neil Arwin (March 14, 2022). "Bongbong Marcos shuns Comelec debates, cites 'preferred mode of communication with people'". Inquirer News. Manila, Philippines: INQUIRER.net. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Galvez, Daphne (March 20, 2022). "Bello wants Comelec to 'penalize' Bongbong Marcos, Sara Duterte for skipping debates". Inquirer News. Manila, Philippines: INQUIRER.net. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Carreon, Frencie; Cantal-Albasin, Grace (March 20, 2022). "Some Mindanaoans jeer at Marcos for skipping Comelec debate". Rappler. Zamboanga City, Philippines: Rappler Inc. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- Galvez, Daphne (April 22, 2022). "Pacquiao keen on attending Comelec debate, if Bongbong Marcos shows up". Inquirer News. Manila, Philippines: INQUIRER.net. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- "The son of late dictator Marcos has won the Philippines' presidential election". Associated Press. Manila. NPR. 10 May 2022. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
- "Protestas en Filipinas en rechazo a la victoria no oficial de Ferdinand Marcos Jr" (in Spanish). France 24. 2022-05-11. Retrieved 2022-05-17.
- "Filipino Community Protests Philippine Presidential Election Results". South Seattle Emerald. 2022-05-13. Retrieved 2022-05-17.
- Gita-Carlos, Ruth Abbey (June 30, 2022). "Marcos Jr. sworn in as PH's 17th president". Philippine News Agency. Archived from the original on June 30, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
- Mercado, Neil Arwin (June 20, 2022). "Bongbong Marcos to head agriculture department in concurrent post". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved June 20, 2022.
- Robles, Alan (May 2, 2022). "Philippine election: Who is Bongbong Marcos, what's his platform and China views, and why can't he visit the US?". South China Morning Post.
- "Isko to go after P200-B Marcos estate tax debt if elected president". RAPPLER. February 28, 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
- "Deputy Secretary Sherman's Travel to the ROK, Philippines, Laos, and Vietnam". US embassy & consulate in Vietnam. June 10, 2022. Archived from the original on June 10, 2022. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
- Ramos, Christia Marie (June 9, 2022). "Bongbong Marcos 'welcome' to US given his 'diplomatic immunity'- top official". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 11, 2022. Retrieved June 12, 2022.
- "Marcos Jr aims to fulfil family's 'destiny' as Philippines president". The Guardian. 9 May 2022. Retrieved 14 May 2022.
- Galvez, Daphne (March 31, 2020). "Breaking: Bongbong Marcos Tests Positive for COVID-19". Inquirer.net. Retrieved February 14, 2022.