capital city of the Philippines

Manila (Tagalog: ᜋᜈᜒᜎ) is the capital city of the Philippines. It is one of the largest cities in the Philippines. Manila is on the biggest island of the Philippines, Luzon. Manila is by a bay named Manila Bay. The metropolitan area, called Metro Manila, is much larger. It stretches across a thin strip of land (called an isthmus) to a lake called "Laguna de Bay". Manila has a population of 1.78 million people.

(City of Manila)
Manila skyline day.jpg
Rizal Monument at Dusk.jpg
Allan Jay Quesada- Quiapo Church DSC 0065 The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene or Quiapo Church, Manila.JPG
Flag of Manila
Pearl of the Orient[1]
Manila, God First
Anthem: Awit ng Maynila
English: Song of Manila
Map of Metro Manila with Manila highlighted
Map of Metro Manila with Manila highlighted
Country Philippines
RegionNational Capital Region (NCR)
Congressional District1st to 6th districts of Manila
Administrative District16 city districts
Established13th century or earlier
Sultanate of Brunei (Rajahnate of Maynila)1500s
Spanish ManilaJune 24, 1571
City CharterJuly 31, 1901
Highly Urbanized CityDecember 22, 1979
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorHoney Lacuna (Aksyon/Asenso Manileño)
 • Vice MayorYul Servo (Aksyon/Asenso Manileño)
 • City Representatives
 • City Council
 • Electorate1,133,042 voters (2022)
 • City42.88 km2 (16.56 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,474.82 km2 (569.43 sq mi)
 • Metro
619.57 km2 (239.22 sq mi)
7.0 m (23.0 ft)
 (2020 census)[6]
 • City1,846,513
 • Density41,515/km2 (107,520/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
 • Metro density20,785/km2 (53,830/sq mi)
 • Households
Demonym(s)English: Manileño, Manilan;
Spanish: manilense,[7] manileño(-a)
Filipino: Manileño(-a), Manilenyo(-a), Taga-Maynila
 • Income classspecial city income class
 • Poverty incidence5.71% (2015)[8]
 • HDI0.773[9]high (2018)
 • Revenue₱₱17,922,805,500.00 (2020)
 • GDPUS $182.8 billion
 • Assets₱74,464,757,574.00 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱22,420,747,872.00 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱17,874,675,033.00 (2020)
 • ElectricityMERALCO
 • WaterMaynilad (Majority)
Manila Water (Santa Ana and San Andres)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
+900 – 1-096
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Native languagesTagalog
CurrencyPhilippine peso (₱)
Flag of the City of Manila
Seal of the City of Manila
Manila and the metropolitan area


  1. "'Pearl of Orient' Stripped of Food; Manila, Before Pearl Harbor, Had Been Prosperous—Its Harbor One, of Best Focus for Two Attacks Osmeña Succeeded Quezon". New York Times. February 5, 1945. Retrieved March 3, 2014. Manila, modernized and elevated to the status of a metropolis by American engineering skill, was before Pearl Harbor a city of 623,000 population, contained in an area of fourteen square miles.
  2. "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on March 9, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  3. "An Update on the Earthquake Hazards and Risk Assessment of Greater Metropolitan Manila Area" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. November 14, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 24, 2016. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  4. "Enhancing Risk Analysis Capacities for Flood, Tropical Cyclone Severe Wind and Earthquake for the Greater Metro Manila Area Component 5 – Earthquake Risk Analysis" (PDF). Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology and Geoscience Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 6, 2016. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  5. "Demographia World Urban Areas PDF (March 2013)" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  6. "Philippine Population Density (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  7. This is the original Spanish, even used by José Rizal in El filibusterismo.
  8. "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  9. Sub-national HDI. "Area Database – Global Data Lab".

Coordinates: 14°35′45″N 120°58′38″E / 14.59583°N 120.97722°E / 14.59583; 120.97722