British rule in Burma
British rule in Burma lasted from 1824 to 1948. This started from the successive three Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony. The rule finally ended with independence. The region under British control was known as British Burma.
Colony of Burma
|Anthem: God Save the King (1824–1837; 1901–1948)|
God Save the Queen (1837–1901)
|Status||Division of the Bengal Presidency (1826–1862)|
Province of British India (1862–1937)
Colony of the United Kingdom (1937–1948)
|Capital-in-exile||Shimla, British India|
|Common languages||English (official)|
|Religion||Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam|
• 1862–1867 (first)
|Sir Arthur Purves Phayre [a]|
• 1946–1948 (last)
|Sir Hubert Rance|
|Legislature||Legislative Council of Burma (1897–1936)|
Legislature of Burma (1936–1947)
|House of Representatives|
|Historical era||Colonial era|
|5 March 1824|
|1824–1826, 1852–1853, 1885|
• Separation from British India
• Independence from the United Kingdom
|4 January 1948|
|Currency||Burmese rupee, Indian rupee, Pound sterling|
|ISO 3166 code||MM|
|Today part of||Myanmar|
Further reading Edit
- Baird-Murray, Maureen . A World Overturned: a Burmese Childhood 1933–47. London: Constable. ISBN 0094789207 Memoirs of the Anglo-Irish-Burmese daughter of a Burma Frontier Service officer, including her stay in an Italian convent during the Japanese occupation.
- Charney, Michael (2009). A History of Modern Burma. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Desai, Walter Sadgun (1968). History of the British Residency in Burma. London: Gregg International. ISBN 0-576-03152-6.
- Fryer, Frederick William Richards (1905). . The Empire and the century. London: John Murray. pp. 716–727.
- Harvey, Godfrey (1992). British Rule in Burma 1824–1942. London: AMS Pr. ISBN 0-404-54834-2.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India vol. IV (1908), The Indian Empire, Administrative, Published under the authority of His Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, pp. xxx, 1 map, 552
- Naono, Atsuko (2009). State of Vaccination: The Fight Against Smallpox in Colonial Burma. Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan. pp. 238. ISBN 978-81-250-3546-6. ( http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/Record/4729301/Cite Archived 2020-07-30 at the Wayback Machine)
- Richell, Judith L. (2006). Disease and Demography in Colonial Burma. Singapore: NUS Press. pp. 238.
- Myint-U, Thant (2008). The River of Lost Footsteps: a Personal History of Burma. London: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 9780374531164.
- as Chief Commisoner
Other websites Edit
- J. S. Furnivall, "Burma, Past and Present", Far Eastern Survey, Vol. 22, No. 3 (25 February 1953), pp. 21–26, Institute of Pacific Relations. <http://jstor.org/stable/3024126>
- Ernest Chew, "The Withdrawal of the Last British Residency from Upper Burma in 1879", Journal of Southeast Asian History, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Sep. 1969), pp. 253–278, Cambridge University Press. <http://jstor.org/stable/20067745>
- Michael W. Charney: Burma, in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War.