Canadian Aboriginal syllabics

writing system for indigenous North American languages created in 1840 CE

Canadian syllabic writing, or simply syllabics, is an abugida and brahmic script created by a Christian missionary to write down the languages of some of the First Nations of Canada. This one alphabet later became many alphabets.

Each letter represents a syllable. The letters look like triangles and curves. Different languages have some different letters to represent the sounds in their own language best.

By the late 19th century the Cree had achieved what may have been one of the highest literacy rates in the world.[1]

HistoryEdit

James Evan was a Methodist missionary from England. He wanted to create an alphabet to teach the Cree and Ojibwe about Christianity. He got inspiration from the Devanagari alphabet from India.

PrinciplesEdit

Every consonant has the same shape. For example, the syllables that start with a "p" sound look like a V. To show that they have different vowels, the shapes are rotated. So "pe" would look like ᐯ whole "pa" would be ᐸ.

Final consonantsEdit

In some languages, words end in a final consonant, like the "t" in "cat." To show this, a small letter is added to the end of the word.

DiacriticsEdit

In some languages, diacritics are added to indicate things like vowel length.

LanguagesEdit

BlackfootEdit

CarrierEdit

CreeEdit

InuktitutEdit

Syllabics is one of the official writing systems of Nunavut. That means that government forms in Inuktitut can be written either in the Latin alphabet (ABCs) or in syllabics.

NaskapiEdit

OjibweEdit

SlaveyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Rogers, Henry (2005). Writing systems: a linguistic approach. Blackwell publishing. p. 249. ISBN 0-631-23463-2. Reports from the late nineteenth century say that virtually every adult Cree speaker was literate; even allowing for some exaggeration, Cree may have had one of the highest literacy rates in the world at the time.