Open main menu

Cree

large group of Native Americans

The Cree (Néhiyaw in Cree language; French: Cri in French) are one of the First Nations in North America. They are one of the largest groups.

Cree
Néhinaw, Néhiyaw, etc.
Total population
392,420 (2016 census)
Including Atikamekw and Innu
Regions with significant populations
Canada, United States
Alberta95,300
Saskatchewan89,990
Manitoba66,895
Quebec58,640
Ontario36,750
British Columbia35,885
Montana3,323
Newfoundland and Labrador3,255
Northwest Territories2,195
Nova Scotia1,780
Languages
Cree, Cree Sign Language, English, French
Religion
Anglicanism, Pentecostalism, Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Métis, Oji-Cree, Ojibwe, Innu

In Canada, over 350,000 people are Cree or have Cree ancestors.[2] Most Cree in Canada live in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the Northwest Territories.[3] About 27,000 of them live in Quebec.[4]

During their history in the United States, Cree people lived west of Lake Superior. Today, they live mostly in Montana, in the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation.[5] Ojibwe (Chippewa) people also live in that reservation.[5]

They have moved west over time because they were traders and hunters.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. https://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ca-fnat.html
  2. "2016 Canadian Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  3. "Cree". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  4. "2016 Canada Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Gateway to Aboriginal Heritage". Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation.
  6. Alexander Mackenzie, [1] Voyages from Montreal Through the Continent of North America to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans in 1789 and 1793.