Montana

state of the United States of America

Montana is a state in the United States. Its capital is Helena, and the largest city is Billings. Montana has many mountains in the western half of the state. Most of the eastern part of the state is prairie.

Montana
State of Montana
Nickname(s): 
Big Sky Country, The Treasure State
Motto(s): 
"Oro y Plata" (Spanish)
"Gold and Silver"
Anthem: Montana
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMontana Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 8, 1889 (41st)
CapitalHelena
Largest cityBillings
Largest metroBillings metropolitan area
Government
 • GovernorSteve Bullock (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorMike Cooney (D)
LegislatureMontana Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJon Tester (D)
Steve Daines (R)
U.S. House delegationGreg Gianforte (R) (list)
Area
 • Total147,040[1] sq mi (380,800 km2)
 • Land145,552[2] sq mi (145,552 square miles (376,980 km2) km2)
 • Water1,491 sq mi (3,862 km2)  1%
Area rank4th
Dimensions
 • Length255 mi (410 km)
 • Width630 mi (1,015 km)
Elevation
3,400 ft (1,040 m)
Highest elevation12,807 ft (3,903.5 m)
Lowest elevation1,804 ft (557 m)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total1,068,778
 • Rank43rd
 • Density7.09/sq mi (2.73/km2)
 • Density rank48th
 • Median household income
$53,386 [5]
 • Income rank
38th
Demonym(s)Montanan
Language
 • Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
MT
ISO 3166 codeUS-MT
Trad. abbreviationMont.
Latitude44° 21′ N to 49° N
Longitude104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W
Websitewww.mt.gov
Montana state symbols
Flag of Montana.svg
Seal of Montana.svg
Living insignia
BirdWestern meadowlark
ButterflyMourning cloak
FishWestslope cutthroat trout
FlowerBitterroot
MammalGrizzly bear
TreePonderosa pine
Inanimate insignia
FossilMaiasaura peeblesorum
GemstoneSapphire, Agate
SloganBig Sky Country
State route marker
Montana state route marker
State quarter
Montana quarter dollar coin
Released in 2007
Lists of United States state symbols

Montana and Canada share a 545-mile (877-km) part of the world's longest undefended (which means there are no soldiers or armies on either side) border. The state borders the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, more provinces than any other U.S. state.

To the east of Montana is North Dakota; to the southeast is a short border with South Dakota. In the south is Wyoming, and on the west and southwest is Idaho.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF) (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 41 (Table 18). Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  2. "Area of Montana Counties". Montana.gov. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 National Geodetic Survey 2008.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Geological Survey 2001.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.