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Montana

state of the United States of America

Montana is a state in the United States. Its capital is Helena, and the largest city is Billings. Montana has many mountains in the western half of the state. Most of the eastern part of the state is prairie.

State of Montana
Flag of Montana State seal of Montana
Flag Seal
Nickname(s):
Big Sky Country, The Treasure State
Motto(s): Oro y Plata (Gold and Silver)
State song(s): "Montana"
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
Official languageEnglish
DemonymMontanan
CapitalHelena
Largest cityBillings
Largest metroBillings metropolitan area
AreaRanked 4th
 • Total147,040[1] sq mi
(380,800 km2)
 • Width630 miles (1,015 km)
 • Length255 miles (410 km)
 • % water1
 • Latitude44° 21′ N to 49° N
 • Longitude104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W
PopulationRanked 44th
 • Total1,062,305 (2018 est.)[2]
 • Density7.09/sq mi  (2.73/km2)
Ranked 48th
 • Median household income$51,395 [3] (37th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointGranite Peak[4][5]
12,807 ft (3903.5 m)
 • Mean3,400 ft  (1040 m)
 • Lowest pointKootenai River at Idaho border[4][5]
1,804 ft (557 m)
Before statehoodMontana Territory
Admission to UnionNovember 8, 1889 (41st)
GovernorSteve Bullock (D)
Lieutenant GovernorMike Cooney (D)
LegislatureMontana Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJon Tester (D)
Steve Daines (R)
U.S. House delegationGreg Gianforte (R) (list)
Time zoneMountain: UTC -7/-6
ISO 3166US-MT
AbbreviationsMT, Mont.
Websitewww.mt.gov
Montana state symbols
Flag of Montana.svg
Seal of Montana.svg
Living insignia
BirdWestern meadowlark
ButterflyMourning cloak
FishWestslope cutthroat trout
FlowerBitterroot
MammalGrizzly bear
TreePonderosa pine
Inanimate insignia
FossilPetrified wood
GemstoneSapphire, Agate
SloganBig Sky Country
State route marker
Montana state route marker
State quarter
Montana quarter dollar coin
Released in 2007
Lists of United States state symbols

Montana and Canada share a 545-mile (877-km) part of the world's longest undefended (which means there are no soldiers or armies on either side) border. The state borders the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, more provinces than any other U.S. state.

To the east of Montana is North Dakota; to the southeast is a short border with South Dakota. In the south is Wyoming, and on the west and southwest is Idaho.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF) (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 41 (Table 18). Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  2. "Montana: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 National Geodetic Survey 2008.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Geological Survey 2001.