state of the United States of America

Montana is a state in the United States. Its capital is Helena, and the largest city is Billings. Montana has many mountains in the western half of the state. Most of the eastern part of the state is prairie.

State of Montana
Big Sky Country, The Treasure State
"Oro y Plata" (Spanish)
"Gold and Silver"
Anthem: Montana
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
Map of the United States with Montana highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodMontana Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 8, 1889 (41st)
Largest cityBillings
Largest metro and urban areasBillings metropolitan area
 • GovernorGreg Gianforte (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorKristen Juras (R)
LegislatureMontana Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJon Tester (D)
Steve Daines (R)
U.S. House delegationMatt Rosendale (R) (list)
 • Total147,040[1] sq mi (380,800 km2)
 • Land145,552[2] sq mi (145,552 square miles (376,980 km2) km2)
 • Water1,491 sq mi (3,862 km2)  1%
 • Rank4th
 • Length255 mi (410 km)
 • Width630 mi (1,015 km)
3,400 ft (1,040 m)
Highest elevation12,807 ft (3,903.5 m)
Lowest elevation1,804 ft (557 m)
 • Total1,068,778
 • Rank43rd
 • Density7.09/sq mi (2.73/km2)
  • Rank48th
 • Median household income
$53,386 [5]
 • Income rank
 • Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-MT
Traditional abbreviationMont.
Latitude44° 21′ N to 49° N
Longitude104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W
Montana state symbols
Living insignia
BirdWestern meadowlark
ButterflyMourning cloak
FishWestslope cutthroat trout
MammalGrizzly bear
TreePonderosa pine
Inanimate insignia
FossilMaiasaura peeblesorum
GemstoneSapphire, Agate
SloganBig Sky Country
State route marker
Montana state route marker
Lists of United States state symbols

Montana is the fourth largest state by area, the seventh least populous, and the third least densely populated of the 50 states.

Montana and Canada share a 545-mile (877-km) part of the world's longest undefended (which means there are no soldiers or armies on either side) border. The state borders the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, more provinces than any other U.S. state.

To the east of Montana is North Dakota; to the southeast is a short border with South Dakota. In the south is Wyoming, and on the west and southwest is Idaho.

The first people to settle in Montana were the Native Americans.

In 2018, The top countries of origin for immigrants were Canada (15 percent of immigrants), Mexico (15 percent), Germany (7 percent), China (5 percent), and Vietnam (5 percent).[6]

Famous Montana people

  1. Former Senate Majority Leader and Ambassador to Japan Mike Mansfield
  2. Jeanette Rankin, first female member of US Congress
  3. Burton K. Wheeler, a progressive senator who was Robert LaFollette´s running mate in the 1924 presidential election
  4. Film director David Lynch, four-time Academy Award nominee
  5. Lones Wigger, three-time Olympic medal winner and who at one point held 29 world records
  6. Phil Jackson, born in Deer Lodge, Montana, won NBA titles eleven times
  7. Katie Blair, model, actress and winner of multiple beauty pageants
  8. Jerry Kramer of the Green Bay Packers[7]
  9. Charles Lindbergh, political activist[8]



At one point, Montana was liberal in federal elections and conservative in state elections. Today, the opposite is true. Although Montana is very conservative in presidential elections (it has not voted for a Democrat since 1964), it is more liberal than most states in the upper Rocky Mountains region. As one example of this, Montana is represented by one Democrat and one Republican in the Senate. There are no Democratic senators from Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, North Dakota or South Dakota. The Montana House of Representatives, which has 100 members, includes 58 Republicans and 42 Democrats, making it more liberal than any state legislature in Wyoming or Idaho.



  1. "United States Summary: 2010, Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF) (PDF). United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 41 (Table 18). Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  2. "Area of Montana Counties". Archived from the original on February 3, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 National Geodetic Survey 2008.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Geological Survey 2001.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  6. [1]
  7. James, Jesse. "Famous People Born in Montana". XL Country 100.7. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
  8. "44 notable, famous and infamous people who have called Montana home". The Billings Gazette. Retrieved 2020-07-31.