Cerebrovascular disease

artery disease that is characterized by dysfunction of the blood vessels supplying the brain

Cerebrovascular disease, stroke or cerebrovascular accident,[1] is a vascular disease of the cerebral circulation. Arteries supplying oxygen to the brain are affected resulting in one of a number of cerebrovascular diseases. Most commonly this is a stroke or mini-stroke and sometimes can be a hemorrhagic stroke. Any of these can result in vascular dementia.[2]

Cerebrovascular disease
Classification and external resources


Causes of cerebrovascular disease can be divided into: atherosclerosis, embolism, aneurysms, low flow states, and other rare causes.[3] Major modifiable risk factors include:[4]


Treatment for cerebrovascular disease includes medication, lifestyle changes and surgery.[5]

Examples of medications are:

Surgical procedures include:

Notable casesEdit


  1. "WHO | Stroke, Cerebrovascular accident". www.who.int. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  2. "Vascular dementia - Causes - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-01.
  3. Corporation, Surgisphere. Clinical Review of Surgery | ABSITE Review. Lulu.com. p. 146. ISBN 9780980210347.
  4. "Cerebrovascular disease - NHS Choices - Risks and prevention". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2015-09-01.
  5. "Stroke: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". www.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-01.