city in Chile

Chañaral is a small coastal city and commune in the Atacama region in the north of Chile. It is the capital of the province of Chañaral.

Chañaral square and church

Coat of arms of Chañaral
Map of Chañaral commune in the Atacama Region
Chañaral is located in Chile
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 26°20′40″S 70°37′19″W / 26.34444°S 70.62194°W / -26.34444; -70.62194
Country Chile
Founded26 October 1833
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • AlcaldeHéctor Volta Rojas
 • Total5,772.4 km2 (2,228.7 sq mi)
198 m (650 ft)
 (2002 Census)[2]
 • Total13,143
 • Density2.3/km2 (5.9/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Area code56 + 552
WebsiteOfficial website

Its name, Chañaral means a "place where there are many trees of chaña" (the Chilean name for Geoffroea decorticans).

History change

Monumental lighthouse in Chañaral.

In 1824, Diego de Almeyda found a large area with copper ore in the region; later, he looked for a place from where to export the mineral and began to form a small village in the place where is the present town of Chanaral. In 26 October 1833, José Joaquín Prieto founded the Distrito de Chañaral ("Chañaral District").[3]

Geography change

The commune of Chañaral has an area of 5,772.4 km2 (2,228.7 sq mi).[2] The city of Chañaral is to the north of Santiago at 788 km (490 mi) and to the north of the city of Copiapó at 167 km (104 mi).

The commune is bordered on the north by the Antofagasta region, on the east by the Diego de Almagro commune, on the south by the Copiapó province and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Near the town of Chañaral, to the north, is the Pan de Azúcar National Park.[4]

The Salado river flows into the Pacific Ocean in the commune of Chañaral; it is about 140 km (87 mi) long.[5]

Chañaral has a very dry climate, a desert climate. The average amount of precipitation for the year, during 47 years, is only 12.3 mm (0.5 in).[5]

Population change

As of 2002 (last national census), there were 13,143 people living in the commune, giving it a population density of 2.3 inhabitants/km².[2]

Chañaral is the largest city of the province with a population, in 2002, of 12,123 inhabitants. The small town of Salado has 1,149 inhabitants.[2]

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Alcalde" (in Spanish). Municipalidad de Chañaral. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Región de Atacama" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  3. "Historia" (in Spanish). Municipalidad de Chañaral. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  4. "Parque Nacional Pan de Azúcar" (in Spanish). CONAF. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lloyd, John W. (March–April 1974). "The Hydrogeology and Utilization of Brines in El Salado, Chile" (PDF). Ground Water. 12 (2): 72–77. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1974.tb03003.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.

Other websites change