Chalon-sur-Saône

commune in Saône-et-Loire, France

Chalon-sur-Saône is a city and a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of France. It is the largest city of the department; however, the department capital is the smaller city of Mâcon.

Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône.jpg
Coat of arms of Chalon-sur-Saône
Coat of arms
Location of Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône is located in France
Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Chalon-sur-Saône
Chalon-sur-Saône
Coordinates: 46°46′50″N 4°51′10″E / 46.7806°N 4.8528°E / 46.7806; 4.8528Coordinates: 46°46′50″N 4°51′10″E / 46.7806°N 4.8528°E / 46.7806; 4.8528
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentSaône-et-Loire
ArrondissementChalon-sur-Saône
CantonChalon-sur-Saône-1, 2 and 3
IntercommunalityLe Grand Chalon
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Gilles Platret[1]
Area
1
15.22 km2 (5.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
44,985
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Chalonnais
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
71076 /71100
Elevation172–190 m (564–623 ft)
(avg. 185 m or 607 ft)
Websitewww.chalon.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Though the place where is Chalon-sur-Saône now was an important town of the Aedui (Celtic people that lived between the Saône and Loire rivers) and objects of La Tène culture have been found here, the first mention of the town, as Cavillonum or Cabillonum, is found in Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars (VII, chs. 42 and 90).[2]

GeographyEdit

Chalon-sur-Saône is on the sides of the Saône river, in the south of the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region. The city is at 338 km (210 mi) to the southeast of Paris and at 132 km (82 mi) to the north of Lyon.[3]

It has an area of 15.2 km2 (5.9 sq mi),[4] and its average altitude is 182 m (597 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 178 m (584 ft).[5]

The Saône river flows through the eastern part of the city and the small river Thalie flows through the western part of the commune.

Chalon-sur-Saône and its neighboring communes
 

Chalon-sur-Saône is surrounded by the communes Fragnes, Crissey, Châtenoy-en-Bresse, Saint-Marcel, Lux, Saint-Rémy, Châtenoy-le-Royal and Champforgeuil.

ClimateEdit

The climate of Chalon-sur-Saône, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[3]

PopulationEdit

The inhabitants of Chalon-sur-Saône are known, in French, as Chalonnais (women: Chalonnaises).[6]

With a population of 44,985,[7] Chalon-sur-Saône has a population density of 2,956 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Chalon-sur-Saône

Chalon-sur-Saône forms, with other 9 communes, the urban area of Chalon-sur-Saône, with a population of 74.357 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 93.8 km2 (36.2 sq mi).[8] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Chalon-sur-Saône, formed by 90 communes with a population of 134,568 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 1,046.8 km2 (404.2 sq mi).[9]

AdministrationEdit

 
Saint-Vincent Cathedral

Chalon-sur-Saône is a subprefecture of the Saône-et-Loire department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Chalon-sur-Saône and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Chalon (French: Communauté d'agglomération Le Grand Chalon).

Twin citiesEdit

Chalon-sur-Saône is a twin town of:[10]

Places of interestEdit

Some interesting places in Chalon-sur-Saône are:

GalleryEdit

People from Chalon-sur-SaôneEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Les élus" (in French). Ville de Chalon-sur-Saône. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  2. Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Book 7, 42, 90. There is an English translation in Wikisource.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "La ville de Chalon-sur-Saône". Annuaire-Mairie.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  4. "Commune de Chalon-sur-Saône (71076)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  5. "City of Chalon-sur-Saône". Map-France.com. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  6. "Chalon-sur-Saône (71100)" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (PDF). Populations légales 2014 (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  8. "Unité urbaine de Chalon-sur-Saône (71501)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  9. "Aire urbaine de Chalon-sur-Saône (060)". Comparateur de territoire (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  10. "Une tradition d'échanges à l'échelle européene". Chalon-sur-Saône. Retrieved 15 November 2014.

Other websitesEdit