city in Cheshire, England

Chester is a city in the north-west of England. It is almost 2000 years old and was started by Romans. A person from Chester is called a Cestrian.[1]


Bridge Street, Chester
Population79,645 (2011 census)
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCHESTER
Postcode districtCH1, CH2, CH3, CH4
Dialling code01244
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places

Chester is on the river Dee, and is the county town of the county of Cheshire. It is near to the country Wales. Almost 120,000 people live in Chester. It is just south of Liverpool.

During the Dark Ages, Chester came under attack from Viking raiders who sailed up the river in their longships. After the conquest of Britain by the Normans in 1066, William I created the first Earl of Chester who began the construction of Chester Castle.

By the Middle Ages, Chester had become a wealthy trading port: it was at this time that the Rows were built. However disaster befell the city during the English Civil War as Chester was besieged for two years before starvation forced its people to surrender. As the centuries passed, the harbour gradually silted up and by Georgian times the port was virtually gone. Today some of the original quay can still be seen near the Chester Racecourse.

During Victorian times the magnificent gothic-style Town Hall was built and the Eastgate Clock was erected in honour of Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee.

Near to Chester is Chester Zoo, which is the biggest zoo in the United Kingdom. There are other interesting places in Chester, and many are connected to its history. For example, there is the old Roman amphitheatre. This is the biggest in the UK.[2] The Rows are unusual shops. In the centre of the town, the main streets have two rows of shops, one on top of the other. The Rows have been part of Chester since the Middle Ages.Chester has oldest racecourse, Chester racecourse. The infamous Goteddsday football match took place on the field and was outlawed as a result in 1533.[3]



  1. "Visit Chester | The Official Tourism Site for Chester |". Visit Cheshire. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
  2. English Heritage Retrieved 2014-11-06.
  3. "Chester Racecourse". British Racecourses. 2020-02-08. Retrieved 2021-10-22.