Choctaw

Native American people originally from the Southeastern United States

The Choctaw are a Native American people originally from the southeastern United States, also called the Southeastern Woodlands. This is today in Mississippi and Alabama. Their language is the Choctaw language. It is part of the Muskogean family. It is also similar to Chickasaw. Three tribes are recognized today. They are the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, and Jena Band of Choctaw Indians in Louisiana.[2]

Choctaw
Total population
160,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States
(Oklahoma, California, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama)
Languages
English, Choctaw
Religion
Protestantism, traditional beliefs
Related ethnic groups
Chickasaw, Five Civilized Tribes
other Native American groups

HistoryEdit

The people were originally mound builders. Early Choctaw lived in thatched-roof cabins of logs in communities. Agriculture was the main supply of food, such as the Three Sisters. There was also fishing and hunting. Sports were also important and often replaced war.

The tribe supported the Americans during the American Revolution, the War of 1812 and the Creek War. Europeans thought the tribe was civilized. It was part of the so-called "Five Civilized Tribes" of the Southeast.[3]

Most of the tribe was forced out of their land from 1831 to 1833. This was part of the Indian Removal. The remaining Choctaw became citizens. The tribe supported the Confederates in the U.S. Civil War. Several chiefs of the Choctaw were at the US Bureau of Indian Affairs.[4]

Choctaw worked as codetalkers during World War I. They used their own Choctaw language. The Choctaw reorganized after the Indian Reorganization Act.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "American Indian, Alaska Native Tables from the Statistical Abstract of the United States" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2004-2005. US Census Bureau (124th ed). Retrieved 2007-09-20.
  2. "Indian Entities Recognized by and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs". Federal Register. US Department of the Interior. January 29, 2021. pp. 7554–58.
  3. Zinn, Howard (2003). "As Long as Grass Grows or Water Runs". A People's History of the United States: 1492–Present. HarperCollins. p. 126. ISBN 0-06-052842-7.
  4. Tupelo, Mailing Address: 2680 Natchez Trace Parkway; Thanksgiving, MS 38804 Phone: 800 305-7417 The Visitor Center is open during normal business hours seven days a week The visitor center is closed; December 25th; Us, January 1st Contact. "Early Choctaw History - Natchez Trace Parkway (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2022-07-28.