Gaelic Irish missionary monk

Saint Columba (Irish Colm Cille, "Columb of the Church";[1] 7 December, 521–9 June, 597[2]) was an Irish priest and missionary.[3] He left Ireland in 563 AD on his mission to bring Christianity to Dál Riata, now western Scotland.[4] He built the famous monastery on the Island of Iona which became known as a "holy island'.[4]

Stained glass window in Iona Abbey showing Saint Columba

Early life change

Columba was born on December 7, 521 A.D. in Gartan, County Donegal.[3] His father was Fedhlimidh, a great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, 4th century High King of Ireland.[5] His mother was Eithne of the Uí Néill clan.[3] She was a member of the royal family of Leinster.[5] While still young he decided on a monastic life. He was educated in Ireland at schools in Moville, Glasnevin and Clonard Abbey.[6] He founded the Irish monasteries at Derry and at Durrow, County Offaly.[6]

Iona change

In about 563 AD, Columba and his followers left Donegal by boat and traveled to the island of Iona off the west coast of Scotland.[7] His mission to Scotland may have been more a case of penance for a battle he may have caused.[8] He refused to return a copy of the Gospels he had copied without permission. He upset the king of Ireland by his refusal, which led to a battle won by his clan.[8] Columba felt remorse over the deaths this caused.[8] Once there he and his monks began the religious conversion of most of Scotland which at that time was pagan.[8] Their fame and influence spread to most of Europe. It became a place of pilgrimage. It also became known as a holy island where 48 kings of Scotland, 4 kings of Ireland and 8 kings of Norway are buried.[8] In 597 Comumba died on Iona.[9] Books on his life began being written a century later. The best known of these was written by Adomnán sometime between 697 and 700. He was proclaimed a saint before the modern process of canonization.

References change

  1. Edward Sullivan, The Book of Kells (London; The Studio, Ltd., 1920), p. 2
  2. C. Edmonds. "St. Columba". The Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Medieval Sourcebook: Adamnan: Life of St. Columba, Introduction [Seth Seyfried]". Fordham University. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "St Columba (Colum Cille)". BBC. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 'Saint Columba ', Ulster Journal of Archaeology, First Series, Vol. 6 (1858), p. 3
  6. 6.0 6.1 George R Crooks; John Fletcher Hurst, Library of biblical and theological literature, Volume VII (New York: Eaton & Mains, 1900), pp. 621–22
  7. Ian Bradley, Columba: Pilgrim and Penitent (Glasgow: Wild Goose Publications, 1996), p. 15
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Ben Johnson. "St Columba and the Isle of Iona". Historic UK. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  9. Martin Wallace, Celtic Saints (San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1995), p. 39

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