Comics were started in the 1800s, a century which saw the development of modern colour printing and many other inventions. Wood engraving was a cheaper type of illustration which was widely used in the 19th century. These things are important because they created an understanding that illustrations are sometimes just as important as words.
Since the middle 20th century many comic books are about superheroes, but many others are about other things. DC and Marvel comic books introduced Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Justice League, Teen Titans, Spider-Man, the Incredible Hulk, the X-Men, Iron Man, Captain America, Thor, the Avengers and the Fantastic Four. Very often, characters in books, video games, movies and television appear in comics, and sometimes comic book characters are used in movies, TV shows or video games.
There are three different kinds of comic books: single issues that are usually 32 pages long are called comic books. These are printed and bound like a magazine, with the pages folded and stapled together through the centerfold. Several comics may be put together in a trade paperback. These have spines like a book and are glued together. A bigger comic book that is bound like a trade paperback but is all new, instead of collecting older comics, is called a graphic novel.
Big two comic book publishers change
- Scott Shaw and Mike Kazaleh. 2012. Secret Agent Orange, Annoying Orange #1, New York: Papercutz, December 2012, pp. 61–62.
- Sabin, Roger 1996. Comics, Comix & Graphic Novels: a history of comic art. Phaidon, London. ISBN 0 7148 3993 0
- Couperie, Pierre and Horn, Maurice C. 1968. A history of the comic strip. Crown, New York 1968, translated from the French first edition of 1967, p9.
- Mila Bongco 2015. Reading comics: language, culture, and the concept of the Superhero in comic books. Routledge, p.xv
- Schodt, Frederik (1996). Dreamland Japan: writings on modern Manga. Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge Press. pp. 19-20. ISBN 978-1-880656-23-5.