|Development region||Cibao Noroeste (IV)|
|- elevation||35 m (115 ft)|
|Area||1,021.3 km² (394 sq mi)|
|Population||63,955 (2010) |
|Density||63 /km² (163 /sq mi)|
4 municipal districts
|Congresspersons||1 Senator |
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
It was created on 1938 with the name Province Libertador. It got its present name in 1961. It was part of the Monte Cristi province before being elevated to the category of province
Dajabón is bordered to the north by the Monte Cristi province, to the east by the Santiago Rodríguez province and to the south by the Elías Piña province. To the west Dajabón borders the Republic of Haiti.
For a very long time, very few people lived in this region because it was on the border between two countries: first, between the French colony of Saint-Domingue and the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo and later between the two independent countries of Haiti and Dominican Republic. There were many fights here between the armies of the two parts of the island and some important battles were held close to the city of Dajabón during the Dominican Independence War.
In 1861, the Dominican Republic became again a colony of Spain. The Restoration War, or just the Restoration, started on 16 August 1863, in a hill near the hamlet of Capotillo. The Spanish army left the country in 1865.
After the Restoration, people came to live in this area and several towns were created.
When the province was created in 1938, it had three municipalities: Dajabón, Loma de Cabrera and Restauración. In 1996, Partido was made a municipality and later, in 2002, El Pino became another municipality.
- 2002 : Manuel Bueno
- 2005 : Cañongo and Capotillo
- 2006 : Santiago de la Cruz
Its population represents 0.68% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 14th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The Dajabón province has a total area of 1,021.3 km2 (394.3 sq mi). It has 2.1% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 23rd (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province. The altitude of the city of Dajabón, provincial capital, is 47 m (154 ft).
The Cordillera Central ("Central mountain chain") is in the southern part ofthe province. The northern part is flat, with many savannas; it is part of the Yaque del Norte Valley (or Línea Noroeste).
There are two main roads in the province. One, from north to south, comes from the Monte Cristi province and goes through the cities of Dajabón, Loma de Cabrera and Restauración and then goes into the Elías Piña province. In some parts, the road marks the border with Haiti.
The second main road begins in Santiago de la Cruz and goes to the east through Partido and El Pino and then through the Santiago Rodríguez and Valverde provinces to end in the Carretera Duarte (Duarte National Road), one of the most important road of the country and that goes from Santo Domingo to Monte Cristi.
The only important river in the province is the Dajabón River, also known as Masacre (from French Massacre). This river marks the Dominican-Haitian border from the city of Dajabón to its mouth. Other rivers are very short and they are tributaries of the Dajabon or the Artibonite rivers.
The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year, but it is cooler on the mountains..
|Municipality (code)||Municipal Districts (code)||Population
|Loma de Cabrera (050201)||10,893||140.0||77.8||206|
|Santiago de la Cruz (050203)||2,619||48.9||53.6||280|
|Loma de Cabrera (050200)||15,624||246.0||63.5|
|El Pino (050501)||4,236||43.9||96.5||214|
|Manuel Bueno (050502)||1,799||44.0||40.9||309|
|El Pino (050500)||6,035||87.9||68.7|
|Dajabón province (050000)||63,955||1,021.3||62.6|
As in all provinces on the Dominican Republic-Haiti border, there is little economic development. The trade with Haiti is very important, mostly in the city of Dajabón.
- "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Rodríguez, Cayetano Armando (1976). Geografía de la Isla de Santo Domingo y Reseña de las Demás Antillas, Second Edition (in Spanish). Santo Domingo: Sociedad Dominicana de Geografía, Vol. XI. p. 399.
- "División Territorial 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (XLS) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- l "Dajabón" Check
|url=value (help). Geonames.org. Retrieved 3 October 2016.