Monte Cristi Province
Beach in El Morro, Monte Cristi
|Development region||Cibao Noroeste (IV)|
|- elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|Lowest point||Atlantic Ocean|
|Area||1,885.8 km² (728 sq mi)|
|Population||109,607 (2010) |
|Density||58 /km² (150 /sq mi)|
4 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
When Christopher Columbus visited for the first time the northern coast of the Hispaniola island, he saw on 4 January 1493 a mountain with the shape of a dromedary and named it as Monte Cristo or Monte Christi ("Mountain of Christ") to this mountain now known as El Morro, close to the city of San Fernando de Monte Cristi.
Nicolás de Ovando founded a small fishing hamlet in the place where is now Monte Cristi. In 1533, Juan de Bolaños brought a group of 60 families from the Canary Islands to live in the place. In 1545, other 30 families to live here.
The town was destroyed in 1606 by order of the Spanish Crown and the inhabitants were moved, together with the inhabitants of Puerto Plata inhabitants, away from the northern coast to form the new town of Monte Plata. In 1751, Monte Cristi was founded again by order of Ferdinand VI, king of Spain.
Monte Cristi was made as a Maritime District (a special administrative category similar to a province and that has been abandoned) in 1879. The 1907 Dominican Constitution changed its status to province. It was part of the Santiago province before being elevated to the category of province.
Guayubín is a municipality since 1855, Villa Vásquez since 1938, Pepillo Salcedo since 1949, Castañuelas since 1974 and Las Matas de Santa Cruz since 1985. Villa Elisa and Hatillo Palma became municipal districts in 1997, Cana Chapetón in 1999 and Palo Verde in 2002.
The Monte Cristi province is bordered to the north and est by the Atlantic Ocean, to the east by the Puerto Plata and Valverde provinces and to the south by the Dajabón and Santiago Rodríguez provinces.
Its population represents 1.16% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 21st (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The Monte Cristi province has a total area of 1,885.8 km2 (728.1 sq mi). It has 3.9% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 9th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.
The Monte Cristi province is in the northwestern part of the Cibao Valley; this part is also called the Yaque del Norte Valley or Línea Noroeste and is very dry because it does not rain much here.
The Cordillera Septentrional ("Northern mountain range") runs along the northern coast of the province; there are not high mountains, only low hills. At the western end of this mountain range is the "El Morro" mountain, forming a headland or a small peninsula.
The climate of the province is a tropical climate, hot most of the year.
|Municipal Districts (code)||Population
|San Fernando de Monte Cristi (150101)||24,644||517.4||47.6||16|
|Monte Cristi (150100)||24,644||517.4||47.6|
|Palo Verde (150202)||5,453||36.1||151.1||17|
|Villa Elisa (150302)||7,430||215.4||34.5||87|
|Hatillo Palma (150303)||8,802||133.3||66.0||71|
|Cana Chapetón (150304)||7,227||222.0||32.6||60|
|Las Matas de Santa Cruz (150401)||10,559||71.9||146.9||46|
|Las Matas de Santa Cruz (150400)||10,559||71.9||146.9|
|Pepillo Salcedo (150501)||9,136||151.2||60.4||11|
|Pepillo Salcedo (150500)||9,136||151.2||60.4|
|Villa Vásquez (150601)||14,424||224.6||64.2||40|
|Villa Vásquez (150600)||14,424||224.6||64.2|
|Monte Cristi (150000)||109,607||1885.8||58.1|
- "División Territorial 2012" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). May 2012. p. 14. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Columbus, Christopher (1989). The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493. de las Casas, Bartolomé, Dunn, O.C., and Kelley, James E. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
- "División Territorial 2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (XLS) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Retrieved 15 November 2016.
- "San Fernando de Monte Cristi". Geonames.org. Retrieved 15 November 2016.