Cordillera Septentrional is a mountain range along the northern part of the Dominican Republic; in English, its name means simply "Northern mountain range". Sometimes it is called Sierra de Montecristi, mainly in old books.
|Provinces||Monte Cristi, Puerto Plata, Valverde, Santiago, Espaillat, Hermanas Mirabal, Duarte, María Trinidad Sánchez|
|Highest point||Pico Diego de Ocampo|
|- elevation||1,249 m (4,098 ft)|
|Length||200 km (124 mi), NW-SE|
It has a total length of about 200 km, from the coast of the Monte Cristi province to near the Samaná Bay, several kilometres to the east of San Francisco de Macorís. Its maximum width is about 40 km.
It goes along the northern coast of the Hispaniola island, from northwest to southeast. Only small valleys are between the Atlantic coast and the mountain range. It has an average of 600 metres in elevation.
In the west, the range ends in a small mountain in a headland; that mountain is "El Morro" and is near the city of Monte Cristi. Christopher Columbus saw on 4 January 1493 that mountain and gave it the name of Monte Cristo or Monte Christi (in English, Mountain of Christ).
- Pico Diego de Ocoa (1,249 m), northwest of Santiago de los Caballeros and north of Villa González
- El Peñón (1,100 m), north of Tamboril
- Jicomé or Murazo (1,083 m), north of Esperanza
Other important mountains are El Mogote (970 m), north of Moca, and Quita Espuela (985 m), northeast of San Francisco de Macorís. Quita Espuela is the highest mountain in the eastern part, where the range was called Sierra de Macorís.
On the northern side, rivers are longer than those of the southern side and they flow into the Atlantic Ocean. Some of them are Bajabonico, Camú del Norte, Yásica, Boba.
In the western part of Cordillera Septentrional, there are only small hills and the region is very dry; because of that, only plants of dry regions like cacti grow here.
In the central and eastern sections of the range, it rains more and there are rainforests in some places, mainly in the eastern part.
Population and economic activityEdit
The western part of the range is too dry to allow any economic activity but in the central and eastern parts, farming is important. The main crops are coffee and cacao. Cattle raising is also very important where the mountains are not too high.
- De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
- Columbus, Christopher (1989). The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493. de las Casas, Bartolomé, Dunn, O.C., and Kelley, James E. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
- Noboa Warden, Margarita (2000). Puerto Plata: La Reina del Océano Atlántico (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Búho. ISBN 99934-0-143-9.