Puerto Plata Province

province of the Dominican Republic

The Puerto Plata Province is one of the northern provinces of the Dominican Republic. The province is a popular tourist attraction since the late 1990s because there are many fine beaches.

Puerto Plata
Fortaleza San Felipe in Puerto Plata
Fortaleza San Felipe in Puerto Plata
Flag of Puerto Plata
Coat of arms of Puerto Plata
Location of the Puerto Plata Province
Location of the Puerto Plata Province
Coordinates: 19°44′12″N 70°46′12″W / 19.73667°N 70.77000°W / 19.73667; -70.77000
Country Dominican Republic
Province since1850
CapitalSan Felipe de Puerto Plata
 • TypeSubdivisions
 • Body9 municipalities
12 municipal districts
 • Congresspersons1 Senator
6 Deputies
 • Total1,852.90 km2 (715.41 sq mi)
 • Total470,839
 • Density250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Area code1-809 1-829 1-849
ISO 3166-2DO-18
Postal Code57000

Its capital is the city of San Felipe de Puerto Plata.

Name change

The province is named after its capital city, Puerto Plata. When Christopher Columbus visited the northern coast of the Hispaniola island for the first time, on 11 January 1493, he saw a mountain with clouds on its top and he gave it the name of Monte de Plata ("Mountain of Silver").[1] The town that was founded on the foot of that mountain was called Puerto de Plata ("Port of Silver"); the name was changed later to just Puerto Plata.

History change

The first European town, La Isabela, was founded by Columbus in January 1493 by Columbus near the city of Puerto Plata; the city of Puerto Plata was founded in 1502.

In 1605, the towns of Puerto Plata along with Monte Cristi, Bayajá and La Yaguana were destroyed by the governor, Antonio de Osorio. All the people living in those towns had to move to places closer to the capital due to the amount of illegal trade happening in these towns. These towns formed what are now Monte Plata and Bayaguana.

It was created as a Maritime District (a special administrative category similar to a province and that has been abandoned) in 1865. It was part of the Santiago province before being elevated to the category of province. The 1907 Dominican Constitution changed its status to province with the municipalities of Puerto Plata, Altamira, Blanco and Bajabonico.[2]

In 1959, Puerto Plata was confirmed as a province with the municipalities of Puerto Plata, Altamira, Imbert and Luperón, and the municipal district of Sosúa; its capital was San Felipe de Puerto Plata.[2]

In 1978, Sosúa and Los Hidalgos were made municipalities of the province. In 1989, Villa Isabela became a municipality, Guananico in 1992 and Villa Montellano in 2006.[2]

La Isabela and Estero Hondo became municipal districts in 1998; Belloso, Cabarete and Sabaneta de Yásica in 2002; La Jaiba in 2003; Yásica Arriba in 2005; Maimón, Río Grande and Estrecho de Luperón - Omar Bross in 2006; and Gualete in 2007.[2]

Location change

The Puerto Plata province is along the northern coast of the island. To the north, it has the Atlantic Ocean; to the east, the Espaillat province; to the south, the Santiago and Valverde provinces; and to the west, the Monte Cristi province.

Population change

In 2014 (last national census), there were 470,839 people living in the Puerto Plata province, and 187,767 (39.9%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 260.8 persons/km².[3]

Its population represents 4.98% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 6th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.

As of 2016, the total estimated propulation of the province is 329,482 inhabitants.[4]

The largest city of the province is San Felipe de Puerto Plata, its head municipality or capital, with an urban population (in 2014) of 118,496 inhabitants.[3]

Most of the population is composed of blacks and mulattoes.

Geography change

The Puerto Plata province has a total area of 1,805.6 km2 (697.1 sq mi).[3] It has 3.7% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 10th (out of 31 plus the National District) largest province.

The Cordillera Septentrional ("Northern mountain range") runs along the southern half of the province. Another mountain range is Sierra Atravesada that goes from the Cordillera Septentrional to the coast. The mountain "Isabel de Torres" (the "Monte de Plata" of Columbus) is close to the city of San Felipe de Puerto Plata.

Because the Cordillera Septentrional is close to the coast, rivers in this province are short. The most important rivers are Bajabonico, Yásica and Camú del Norte.

The altitude of San Felipe de Puerto Plata, provincial capital, is 44 m (144 ft) above sea level.[5]

Municipalities change

There are nine municipalities and 12 municipal districts (M.D.) in the province.[2]

Municipalities of Puerto Plata Province
Municipalities of the Puerto Plata province
Municipal Districts (code) Population
Density Altitude
San Felipe de Puerto Plata (180101) 128,240 210.7 608.6 44
Yásica Arriba (180102) 8,791 128.7 68.3 530
Maimón (180103) 21,725 163.6 132.8 61
Puerto Plata (180100) 158,756 503.0 315.6
Altamira (180201) 14,293 103.2 138.5 267
Río Grande (180202) 4,575 74.1 61.7 500
Altamira (180200) 18,868 177.4 106.4
Guananico (180301) 6,333 59.7 106.1 188
Guananico (180300)) 22,058 59.7 369.5
Imbert (180401) 22,058 160.9 137.1 150
Imbert (180500)) 22,058 160.9 137.1
Los Hidalgos (180501) 9,050 65.1 139.0 146
Navas (180502) 3,589 32.5 110.4 160
Los Hidalgos (180500)) 12,639 97.5 194.1
Luperón (180601) 9,364 157.4 59.5 18
La Isabela (180602) 1,677 44.7 37.5 147
Belloso (180603) 2,582 31.3 82.5 27
El Estrecho de Luperón Omar Bross (180604) 2,841 22.5 126.3 83
Luperón (180600)) 16,464 255.8 64.4
Sosúa (180701) 29,653 152.0 195.1 49
Cabarete (180702) 14,606 93.4 156.4 1
Sabaneta de Yásica (180703) 5,334 22.3 239.2 5
Sosúa (180700)) 49,593 267.7 185.3
Villa Isabela (180801) 9,746 48.7 200.1 42
Estero Hondo (180802) 3,104 66.1 47.0 17
La Jaiba (180803) 2,273 57.4 39.6 166
Gualete (180804) 2,046 39.4 51.9 195
Villa Isabela (180800)) 17,169 211.7 81.1
Villa Montellano (180901) 19,717 71.9 274.2 17
Villa Montellano (180900)) 19,717 71.9 274.2
Puerto Plata (180000) 470,839 1,805.6 260.8

Economy change

There are several important economic activities in the province, like tourism along the coast, farming and industry (like food products and rum).

Gallery change

References change

  1. Columbus, Christopher (1989). The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493. de las Casas, Bartolomé, Dunn, O.C., and Kelley, James E. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 9780806121017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Consejo Nacional de Población y Familia. "Estamaciones y Proyecciones de la Población Dominicana por Regiones, Provincias, Municipios y Distritos Municipales, 2014" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  4. "REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA: Población por año calendario, según sexo y grupos quinquenales de edad, 2015-2020" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Archived from the original (XLS) on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  5. "Puerto Plata". Geonames.org. Retrieved 21 November 2016.